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From iris.algebra Require Export cmra.
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From iris.algebra Require Import list.
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From iris.base_logic Require Import base_logic.
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Local Arguments validN _ _ _ !_ /.
Local Arguments valid _ _  !_ /.
Local Arguments op _ _ _ !_ /.
Local Arguments pcore _ _ !_ /.
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Record agree (A : Type) : Type := Agree {
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  agree_car : A;
  agree_with : list A;
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}.
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Arguments Agree {_} _ _.
Arguments agree_car {_} _.
Arguments agree_with {_} _.

(* Some theory about set-inclusion on lists and lists of which all elements are equal.
   TODO: Move this elsewhere. *)
Definition list_setincl `(R : relation A) (al bl : list A) :=
   a, a  al   b, b  bl  R a b.
Definition list_setequiv `(R : relation A) (al bl : list A) :=
  list_setincl R al bl  list_setincl R bl al.
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(* list_agrees is carefully written such that, when applied to a
   singleton, it is convertible to True. This makes working with
   agreement much more pleasant. *)
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Definition list_agrees `(R : relation A) (al : list A) :=
  match al with
  | [] => True
  | [a] => True
  | a :: al =>  b, b  al  R a b
  end.

Lemma list_agrees_alt `(R : relation A) `{Equivalence _ R} al :
  list_agrees R al  ( a b, a  al  b  al  R a b).
Proof.
  destruct al as [|a [|b al]].
  - split; last done. intros _ ? ? []%elem_of_nil.
  - split; last done. intros _ ? ? ->%elem_of_list_singleton ->%elem_of_list_singleton. done.
  - simpl. split.
    + intros Hl a' b' [->|Ha']%elem_of_cons.
      * intros [->|Hb']%elem_of_cons; first done. auto.
      * intros [->|Hb']%elem_of_cons; first by (symmetry; auto).
        trans a; last by auto. symmetry. auto.
    + intros Hl b' Hb'. apply Hl; set_solver.
Qed.

Section list_theory.
  Context `(R: relation A) `{Equivalence A R}.
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  Collection Hyps := Type H.
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  Local Set Default Proof Using "Hyps".
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  Global Instance: PreOrder (list_setincl R).
  Proof.
    split.
    - intros al a Ha. set_solver.
    - intros al bl cl Hab Hbc a Ha. destruct (Hab _ Ha) as (b & Hb & Rab).
      destruct (Hbc _ Hb) as (c & Hc & Rbc). exists c. split; first done.
      by trans b.
  Qed.

  Global Instance: Equivalence (list_setequiv R).
  Proof.
    split.
    - by split.
    - intros ?? [??]. split; auto.
    - intros ??? [??] [??]. split; etrans; done.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_setincl_subrel `(R' : relation A) :
    subrelation R R'  subrelation (list_setincl R) (list_setincl R').
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  Proof using.
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    intros HRR' al bl Hab. intros a Ha. destruct (Hab _ Ha) as (b & Hb & HR).
    exists b. split; first done. exact: HRR'.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_setequiv_subrel `(R' : relation A) :
    subrelation R R'  subrelation (list_setequiv R) (list_setequiv R').
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  Proof using. intros HRR' ?? [??]. split; exact: list_setincl_subrel. Qed.
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  Global Instance list_setincl_perm : subrelation () (list_setincl R).
  Proof.
    intros al bl Hab a Ha. exists a. split; last done.
    by rewrite -Hab.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_setincl_app l :
    Proper (list_setincl R ==> list_setincl R) (app l).
  Proof.
    intros al bl Hab a [Ha|Ha]%elem_of_app.
    - exists a. split; last done. apply elem_of_app. by left.
    - destruct (Hab _ Ha) as (b & Hb & HR). exists b. split; last done.
      apply elem_of_app. by right.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_setequiv_app l :
    Proper (list_setequiv R ==> list_setequiv R) (app l).
  Proof. intros al bl [??]. split; apply list_setincl_app; done. Qed.

  Global Instance: subrelation () (flip (list_setincl R)).
  Proof. intros ???. apply list_setincl_perm. done. Qed.

  Global Instance list_agrees_setincl :
    Proper (flip (list_setincl R) ==> impl) (list_agrees R).
  Proof.
    move=> al bl /= Hab /list_agrees_alt Hal. apply (list_agrees_alt _) => a b Ha Hb.
    destruct (Hab _ Ha) as (a' & Ha' & HRa).
    destruct (Hab _ Hb) as (b' & Hb' & HRb).
    trans a'; first done. etrans; last done.
    eapply Hal; done.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_agrees_setequiv :
    Proper (list_setequiv R ==> iff) (list_agrees R).
  Proof.
    intros ?? [??]. split; by apply: list_agrees_setincl.
  Qed.

  Lemma list_setincl_contains al bl :
    ( x, x  al  x  bl)  list_setincl R al bl.
  Proof. intros Hin a Ha. exists a. split; last done. naive_solver. Qed.

  Lemma list_setequiv_equiv al bl :
    ( x, x  al  x  bl)  list_setequiv R al bl.
  Proof.
    intros Hin. split; apply list_setincl_contains; naive_solver.
  Qed.

  Lemma list_agrees_contains al bl :
    ( x, x  bl  x  al) 
    list_agrees R al  list_agrees R bl.
  Proof. intros ?. by eapply (list_agrees_setincl _),list_setincl_contains. Qed.

  Lemma list_agrees_equiv al bl :
    ( x, x  bl  x  al) 
    list_agrees R al  list_agrees R bl.
  Proof. intros ?. by eapply (list_agrees_setequiv _), list_setequiv_equiv. Qed.

  Lemma list_setincl_singleton a b :
    R a b  list_setincl R [a] [b].
  Proof.
    intros HR c ->%elem_of_list_singleton. exists b. split; last done.
    apply elem_of_list_singleton. done.
  Qed.

  Lemma list_setincl_singleton_rev a b :
    list_setincl R [a] [b]  R a b.
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  Proof using.
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    intros Hl. destruct (Hl a) as (? & ->%elem_of_list_singleton & HR); last done.
    by apply elem_of_list_singleton.
  Qed.

  Lemma list_setequiv_singleton a b :
    R a b  list_setequiv R [a] [b].
  Proof. intros ?. split; by apply list_setincl_singleton. Qed.

  Lemma list_agrees_iff_setincl al a :
    a  al  list_agrees R al  list_setincl R al [a].
  Proof.
    intros Hin. split.
    - move=>/list_agrees_alt Hl b Hb. exists a. split; first set_solver+. exact: Hl.
    - intros Hl. apply (list_agrees_alt _)=> b c Hb Hc.
      destruct (Hl _ Hb) as (? & ->%elem_of_list_singleton & ?).
      destruct (Hl _ Hc) as (? & ->%elem_of_list_singleton & ?).
      by trans a.
  Qed.

  Lemma list_setincl_singleton_in al a :
    a  al  list_setincl R [a] al.
  Proof.
    intros Hin b ->%elem_of_list_singleton. exists a. split; done.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_setincl_ext : subrelation (Forall2 R) (list_setincl R).
  Proof.
    move=>al bl. induction 1.
    - intros ? []%elem_of_nil.
    - intros a [->|Ha]%elem_of_cons.
      + eexists. split; first constructor. done.
      + destruct (IHForall2 _ Ha) as (b & ? & ?).
        exists b. split; first by constructor. done.
  Qed.

  Global Instance list_setequiv_ext : subrelation (Forall2 R) (list_setequiv R).
  Proof.
    move=>al bl ?. split; apply list_setincl_ext; done.
  Qed.

  Lemma list_agrees_subrel `(R' : relation A) `{Equivalence _ R'} :
    subrelation R R'   l, list_agrees R l  list_agrees R' l.
  Proof. move=> HR l /list_agrees_alt Hl. apply (list_agrees_alt _)=> a b Ha Hb. by apply HR, Hl. Qed.

  Section fmap.
    Context `(R' : relation B) (f : A  B) {Hf: Proper (R ==> R') f}.
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    Collection Hyps := Type Hf.
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    Local Set Default Proof Using "Hyps".
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    Global Instance list_setincl_fmap :
      Proper (list_setincl R ==> list_setincl R') (fmap f).
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    Proof using Hf.
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      intros al bl Hab a' (a & -> & Ha)%elem_of_list_fmap.
      destruct (Hab _ Ha) as (b & Hb & HR). exists (f b).
      split; first eapply elem_of_list_fmap; eauto.
    Qed.
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    Global Instance list_setequiv_fmap :
      Proper (list_setequiv R ==> list_setequiv R') (fmap f).
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    Proof using Hf. intros ?? [??]. split; apply list_setincl_fmap; done. Qed.
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    Lemma list_agrees_fmap `{Equivalence _ R'} al :
      list_agrees R al  list_agrees R' (f <$> al).
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    Proof using Type*.
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      move=> /list_agrees_alt Hl. apply (list_agrees_alt R') => a' b'.
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      intros (a & -> & Ha)%elem_of_list_fmap (b & -> & Hb)%elem_of_list_fmap.
      apply Hf. exact: Hl.
    Qed.
  End fmap.
End list_theory.
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Section agree.
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Local Set Default Proof Using "Type".
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Context {A : ofeT}.
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Definition agree_list (x : agree A) := agree_car x :: agree_with x.
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Instance agree_validN : ValidN (agree A) := λ n x,
  list_agrees (dist n) (agree_list x).
Instance agree_valid : Valid (agree A) := λ x,
  list_agrees (equiv) (agree_list x).
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Instance agree_dist : Dist (agree A) := λ n x y,
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  list_setequiv (dist n) (agree_list x) (agree_list y).
Instance agree_equiv : Equiv (agree A) := λ x y,
   n, list_setequiv (dist n) (agree_list x) (agree_list y).

Definition agree_dist_incl n (x y : agree A) :=
  list_setincl (dist n) (agree_list x) (agree_list y).

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Definition agree_ofe_mixin : OfeMixin (agree A).
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Proof.
  split.
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  - intros x y; split; intros Hxy; done.
  - split; rewrite /dist /agree_dist; intros ? *.
    + reflexivity.
    + by symmetry.
    + intros. etrans; eassumption.
  - intros ???. apply list_setequiv_subrel=>??. apply dist_S.
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Qed.
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Canonical Structure agreeC := OfeT (agree A) agree_ofe_mixin.

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Program Instance agree_op : Op (agree A) := λ x y,
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  {| agree_car := agree_car x;
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     agree_with := agree_with x ++ agree_car y :: agree_with y |}.
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Instance agree_pcore : PCore (agree A) := Some.
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Instance: Comm () (@op (agree A) _).
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Proof. intros x y n. apply: list_setequiv_equiv. set_solver. Qed.

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Lemma agree_idemp (x : agree A) : x  x  x.
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Proof. intros n. apply: list_setequiv_equiv. set_solver. Qed.

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Instance:  n : nat, Proper (dist n ==> impl) (@validN (agree A) _ n).
Proof.
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  intros n x y. rewrite /dist /validN /agree_dist /agree_validN.
  by intros ->.
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Qed.
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Instance:  n : nat, Proper (equiv ==> iff) (@validN (agree A) _ n).
Proof.
  intros n ???. assert (x {n} y) as Hxy by by apply equiv_dist.
  split; rewrite Hxy; done.
Qed.

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Instance:  x : agree A, NonExpansive (op x).
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Proof.
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  intros x n y1 y2. rewrite /dist /agree_dist /agree_list /=.
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  rewrite !app_comm_cons. apply: list_setequiv_app.
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Qed.
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Instance: NonExpansive2 (@op (agree A) _).
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Proof. by intros n x1 x2 Hx y1 y2 Hy; rewrite Hy !(comm _ _ y2) Hx. Qed.
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Instance: Proper (() ==> () ==> ()) op := ne_proper_2 _.
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Instance: Assoc () (@op (agree A) _).
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Proof. intros x y z n. apply: list_setequiv_equiv. set_solver. Qed.
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Lemma agree_included (x y : agree A) : x  y  y  x  y.
Proof.
  split; [|by intros ?; exists y].
  by intros [z Hz]; rewrite Hz assoc agree_idemp.
Qed.
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Lemma agree_op_inv_inclN n x1 x2 : {n} (x1  x2)  agree_dist_incl n x1 x2.
Proof.
  rewrite /validN /= => /list_agrees_alt Hv a /elem_of_cons Ha. exists (agree_car x2).
  split; first by constructor. eapply Hv.
  - simpl. destruct Ha as [->|Ha]; set_solver.
  - simpl. set_solver+.
Qed.
Lemma agree_op_invN n (x1 x2 : agree A) : {n} (x1  x2)  x1 {n} x2.
Proof.
  intros Hxy. split; apply agree_op_inv_inclN; first done. by rewrite comm.
Qed.

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Lemma agree_valid_includedN n (x y : agree A) : {n} y  x {n} y  x {n} y.
Proof.
  move=> Hval [z Hy]; move: Hval; rewrite Hy.
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  by move=> /agree_op_invN->; rewrite agree_idemp.
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Qed.

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Definition agree_cmra_mixin : CMRAMixin (agree A).
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Proof.
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  apply cmra_total_mixin; try apply _ || by eauto.
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  - move=>x. split.
    + move=>/list_agrees_alt Hx n. apply (list_agrees_alt _)=> a b Ha Hb.
      apply equiv_dist, Hx; done.
    + intros Hx. apply (list_agrees_alt _)=> a b Ha Hb.
      apply equiv_dist=>n. eapply (list_agrees_alt _); first (by apply Hx); done.
  - intros n x. apply (list_agrees_subrel _ _)=>??. apply dist_S.
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  - intros x. apply agree_idemp.
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  - intros ??? Hl. apply: list_agrees_contains Hl. set_solver.
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  - intros n x y1 y2 Hval Hx; exists x, x; simpl; split.
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    + by rewrite agree_idemp.
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    + by move: Hval; rewrite Hx; move=> /agree_op_invN->; rewrite agree_idemp.
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Qed.
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Canonical Structure agreeR : cmraT := CMRAT (agree A) agree_cmra_mixin.
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Global Instance agree_total : CMRATotal agreeR.
Proof. rewrite /CMRATotal; eauto. Qed.
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Global Instance agree_persistent (x : agree A) : Persistent x.
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Proof. by constructor. Qed.
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Lemma agree_op_inv (x1 x2 : agree A) :  (x1  x2)  x1  x2.
Proof.
  intros ?. apply equiv_dist=>n. by apply agree_op_invN, cmra_valid_validN.
Qed.

Global Instance agree_discrete :
  Discrete A  CMRADiscrete agreeR.
Proof.
  intros HD. split.
  - intros x y Hxy n. eapply list_setequiv_subrel; last exact Hxy. clear -HD.
    intros x y ?. apply equiv_dist, HD. done.
  - rewrite /valid /cmra_valid /agree_valid /validN /cmra_validN /agree_validN /=.
    move=> x. apply (list_agrees_subrel _ _). clear -HD.
    intros x y. apply HD.
Qed.

Definition to_agree (x : A) : agree A :=
  {| agree_car := x; agree_with := [] |}.
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Global Instance to_agree_ne : NonExpansive to_agree.
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Proof.
  intros x1 x2 Hx; rewrite /= /dist /agree_dist /=.
  exact: list_setequiv_singleton.
Qed.
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Global Instance to_agree_proper : Proper (() ==> ()) to_agree := ne_proper _.
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Global Instance to_agree_injN n : Inj (dist n) (dist n) (to_agree).
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Proof. intros a b [Hxy%list_setincl_singleton_rev _]. done. Qed.
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Global Instance to_agree_inj : Inj () () (to_agree).
Proof.
  intros a b ?. apply equiv_dist=>n. apply to_agree_injN. by apply equiv_dist.
Qed.
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Lemma to_agree_uninjN n (x : agree A) : {n} x   y : A, to_agree y {n} x.
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Proof.
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  intros Hl. exists (agree_car x). rewrite /dist /agree_dist /=.
  split.
  - apply: list_setincl_singleton_in. set_solver+.
  - apply (list_agrees_iff_setincl _); first set_solver+. done.
Qed.

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Lemma to_agree_uninj (x : agree A) :  x   y : A, to_agree y  x.
Proof.
  intros Hl. exists (agree_car x). rewrite /dist /agree_dist /=.
  split.
  - apply: list_setincl_singleton_in. set_solver+.
  - apply (list_agrees_iff_setincl _); first set_solver+.
    eapply list_agrees_subrel; last exact: Hl; [apply _..|].
    intros ???. by apply equiv_dist.
Qed.

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Lemma to_agree_included (a b : A) : to_agree a  to_agree b  a  b.
Proof.
  split.
  - intros (x & Heq). apply equiv_dist=>n. destruct (Heq n) as [_ Hincl].
    (* TODO: This could become a generic lemma about list_setincl. *)
    destruct (Hincl a) as (? & ->%elem_of_list_singleton & ?); first set_solver+.
    done.
  - intros Hab. rewrite Hab. eexists. symmetry. eapply agree_idemp.
Qed.

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Lemma to_agree_comp_validN n (a b : A) :
  {n} (to_agree a  to_agree b)  a {n} b.
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Proof.
  split.
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  - (* TODO: can this be derived from other stuff?  Otherwise, should probably
       become sth. generic about list_agrees. *)
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    intros Hv. apply Hv; simpl; set_solver.
  - intros ->. rewrite agree_idemp. done.
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Qed.
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Lemma to_agree_comp_valid (a b : A) :  (to_agree a  to_agree b)  a  b.
Proof.
  rewrite cmra_valid_validN equiv_dist. by setoid_rewrite to_agree_comp_validN.
Qed.

Global Instance agree_cancelable (x : agree A) : Cancelable x.
Proof.
  intros n y z Hv Heq.
  destruct (to_agree_uninjN n x) as [x' EQx]; first by eapply cmra_validN_op_l.
  destruct (to_agree_uninjN n y) as [y' EQy]; first by eapply cmra_validN_op_r.
  destruct (to_agree_uninjN n z) as [z' EQz].
  { eapply (cmra_validN_op_r n x z). by rewrite -Heq. }
  assert (Hx'y' : x' {n} y').
  { apply to_agree_comp_validN. by rewrite EQx EQy. }
  assert (Hx'z' : x' {n} z').
  { apply to_agree_comp_validN. by rewrite EQx EQz -Heq. }
  by rewrite -EQy -EQz -Hx'y' -Hx'z'.
Qed.

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(** Internalized properties *)
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Lemma agree_equivI {M} a b : to_agree a  to_agree b  (a  b : uPred M).
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Proof.
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  uPred.unseal. do 2 split.
  - intros Hx. exact: to_agree_injN.
  - intros Hx. exact: to_agree_ne.
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Qed.
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Lemma agree_validI {M} x y :  (x  y)  (x  y : uPred M).
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Proof. uPred.unseal; split=> r n _ ?; by apply: agree_op_invN. Qed.
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End agree.

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Instance: Params (@to_agree) 1.
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Arguments agreeC : clear implicits.
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Arguments agreeR : clear implicits.
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Program Definition agree_map {A B} (f : A  B) (x : agree A) : agree B :=
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  {| agree_car := f (agree_car x); agree_with := f <$> (agree_with x) |}.
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Lemma agree_map_id {A} (x : agree A) : agree_map id x = x.
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Proof. rewrite /agree_map /= list_fmap_id. by destruct x. Qed.
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Lemma agree_map_compose {A B C} (f : A  B) (g : B  C) (x : agree A) :
  agree_map (g  f) x = agree_map g (agree_map f x).
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Proof. rewrite /agree_map /= list_fmap_compose. done. Qed.
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Section agree_map.
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  Context {A B : ofeT} (f : A  B) `{Hf: NonExpansive f}.
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  Collection Hyps := Type Hf.
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  Instance agree_map_ne : NonExpansive (agree_map f).
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  Proof using Hyps.
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    intros n x y Hxy.
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    change (list_setequiv (dist n)(f <$> (agree_list x))(f <$> (agree_list y))).
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    eapply list_setequiv_fmap; last exact Hxy. apply _.
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  Qed.
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  Instance agree_map_proper : Proper (() ==> ()) (agree_map f) := ne_proper _.
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  Lemma agree_map_ext (g : A  B) x :
    ( x, f x  g x)  agree_map f x  agree_map g x.
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  Proof.
    intros Hfg n. apply: list_setequiv_ext.
    change (f <$> (agree_list x) {n} g <$> (agree_list x)).
    apply list_fmap_ext_ne=>y. by apply equiv_dist.
  Qed.

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  Global Instance agree_map_monotone : CMRAMonotone (agree_map f).
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  Proof using Hyps.
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    split; first apply _.
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    - intros n x. rewrite /cmra_validN /validN /= /agree_validN /= => ?.
      change (list_agrees (dist n) (f <$> agree_list x)).
      eapply (list_agrees_fmap _ _ _); done.
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    - intros x y; rewrite !agree_included=> ->.
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      rewrite /equiv /agree_equiv /agree_map /agree_op /agree_list /=.
      rewrite !fmap_app=>n. apply: list_setequiv_equiv. set_solver+.
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  Qed.
End agree_map.
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Definition agreeC_map {A B} (f : A -n> B) : agreeC A -n> agreeC B :=
  CofeMor (agree_map f : agreeC A  agreeC B).
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Instance agreeC_map_ne A B : NonExpansive (@agreeC_map A B).
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Proof.
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  intros n f g Hfg x. apply: list_setequiv_ext.
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  change (f <$> (agree_list x) {n} g <$> (agree_list x)).
  apply list_fmap_ext_ne. done.
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Qed.
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Program Definition agreeRF (F : cFunctor) : rFunctor := {|
  rFunctor_car A B := agreeR (cFunctor_car F A B);
  rFunctor_map A1 A2 B1 B2 fg := agreeC_map (cFunctor_map F fg)
|}.
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Next Obligation.
  intros ? A1 A2 B1 B2 n ???; simpl. by apply agreeC_map_ne, cFunctor_ne.
Qed.
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Next Obligation.
  intros F A B x; simpl. rewrite -{2}(agree_map_id x).
  apply agree_map_ext=>y. by rewrite cFunctor_id.
Qed.
Next Obligation.
  intros F A1 A2 A3 B1 B2 B3 f g f' g' x; simpl. rewrite -agree_map_compose.
  apply agree_map_ext=>y; apply cFunctor_compose.
Qed.
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Instance agreeRF_contractive F :
  cFunctorContractive F  rFunctorContractive (agreeRF F).
Proof.
  intros ? A1 A2 B1 B2 n ???; simpl.
  by apply agreeC_map_ne, cFunctor_contractive.
Qed.