(* Copyright (c) 2012-2015, Robbert Krebbers. *)
(* This file is distributed under the terms of the BSD license. *)
(** This file collects definitions and theorems on collections. Most
importantly, it implements some tactics to automatically solve goals involving
collections. *)
Require Export prelude.base prelude.tactics prelude.orders.
Instance collection_subseteq `{ElemOf A C} : SubsetEq C := λ X Y,
∀ x, x ∈ X → x ∈ Y.
(** * Basic theorems *)
Section simple_collection.
Context `{SimpleCollection A C}.
Implicit Types x y : A.
Implicit Types X Y : C.
Lemma elem_of_empty x : x ∈ ∅ ↔ False.
Proof. split. apply not_elem_of_empty. done. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_union_l x X Y : x ∈ X → x ∈ X ∪ Y.
Proof. intros. apply elem_of_union. auto. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_union_r x X Y : x ∈ Y → x ∈ X ∪ Y.
Proof. intros. apply elem_of_union. auto. Qed.
Global Instance: EmptySpec C.
Proof. firstorder auto. Qed.
Global Instance: JoinSemiLattice C.
Proof. firstorder auto. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_subseteq X Y : X ⊆ Y ↔ ∀ x, x ∈ X → x ∈ Y.
Proof. done. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_equiv X Y : X ≡ Y ↔ ∀ x, x ∈ X ↔ x ∈ Y.
Proof. firstorder. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_equiv_alt X Y :
X ≡ Y ↔ (∀ x, x ∈ X → x ∈ Y) ∧ (∀ x, x ∈ Y → x ∈ X).
Proof. firstorder. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_equiv_empty X : X ≡ ∅ ↔ ∀ x, x ∉ X.
Proof. firstorder. Qed.
Lemma collection_positive_l X Y : X ∪ Y ≡ ∅ → X ≡ ∅.
Proof.
rewrite !elem_of_equiv_empty. setoid_rewrite elem_of_union. naive_solver.
Qed.
Lemma collection_positive_l_alt X Y : X ≢ ∅ → X ∪ Y ≢ ∅.
Proof. eauto using collection_positive_l. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_singleton_1 x y : x ∈ {[y]} → x = y.
Proof. by rewrite elem_of_singleton. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_singleton_2 x y : x = y → x ∈ {[y]}.
Proof. by rewrite elem_of_singleton. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_subseteq_singleton x X : x ∈ X ↔ {[ x ]} ⊆ X.
Proof.
split.
* intros ??. rewrite elem_of_singleton. by intros ->.
* intros Ex. by apply (Ex x), elem_of_singleton.
Qed.
Global Instance singleton_proper : Proper ((=) ==> (≡)) (singleton (B:=C)).
Proof. by repeat intro; subst. Qed.
Global Instance elem_of_proper :
Proper ((=) ==> (≡) ==> iff) ((∈) : A → C → Prop) | 5.
Proof. intros ???; subst. firstorder. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_union_list Xs x : x ∈ ⋃ Xs ↔ ∃ X, X ∈ Xs ∧ x ∈ X.
Proof.
split.
* induction Xs; simpl; intros HXs; [by apply elem_of_empty in HXs|].
setoid_rewrite elem_of_cons. apply elem_of_union in HXs. naive_solver.
* intros [X []]. induction 1; simpl; [by apply elem_of_union_l |].
intros. apply elem_of_union_r; auto.
Qed.
Lemma non_empty_singleton x : ({[ x ]} : C) ≢ ∅.
Proof. intros [E _]. by apply (elem_of_empty x), E, elem_of_singleton. Qed.
Lemma not_elem_of_singleton x y : x ∉ {[ y ]} ↔ x ≠ y.
Proof. by rewrite elem_of_singleton. Qed.
Lemma not_elem_of_union x X Y : x ∉ X ∪ Y ↔ x ∉ X ∧ x ∉ Y.
Proof. rewrite elem_of_union. tauto. Qed.
Section leibniz.
Context `{!LeibnizEquiv C}.
Lemma elem_of_equiv_L X Y : X = Y ↔ ∀ x, x ∈ X ↔ x ∈ Y.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply elem_of_equiv. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_equiv_alt_L X Y :
X = Y ↔ (∀ x, x ∈ X → x ∈ Y) ∧ (∀ x, x ∈ Y → x ∈ X).
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply elem_of_equiv_alt. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_equiv_empty_L X : X = ∅ ↔ ∀ x, x ∉ X.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply elem_of_equiv_empty. Qed.
Lemma collection_positive_l_L X Y : X ∪ Y = ∅ → X = ∅.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply collection_positive_l. Qed.
Lemma collection_positive_l_alt_L X Y : X ≠ ∅ → X ∪ Y ≠ ∅.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply collection_positive_l_alt. Qed.
Lemma non_empty_singleton_L x : {[ x ]} ≠ ∅.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply non_empty_singleton. Qed.
End leibniz.
Section dec.
Context `{∀ X Y : C, Decision (X ⊆ Y)}.
Global Instance elem_of_dec_slow (x : A) (X : C) : Decision (x ∈ X) | 100.
Proof.
refine (cast_if (decide_rel (⊆) {[ x ]} X));
by rewrite elem_of_subseteq_singleton.
Defined.
End dec.
End simple_collection.
Definition of_option `{Singleton A C, Empty C} (x : option A) : C :=
match x with None => ∅ | Some a => {[ a ]} end.
Fixpoint of_list `{Singleton A C, Empty C, Union C} (l : list A) : C :=
match l with [] => ∅ | x :: l => {[ x ]} ∪ of_list l end.
Section of_option_list.
Context `{SimpleCollection A C}.
Lemma elem_of_of_option (x : A) o : x ∈ of_option o ↔ o = Some x.
Proof.
destruct o; simpl;
rewrite ?elem_of_empty, ?elem_of_singleton; naive_solver.
Qed.
Lemma elem_of_of_list (x : A) l : x ∈ of_list l ↔ x ∈ l.
Proof.
split.
* induction l; simpl; [by rewrite elem_of_empty|].
rewrite elem_of_union,elem_of_singleton; intros [->|?]; constructor; auto.
* induction 1; simpl; rewrite elem_of_union, elem_of_singleton; auto.
Qed.
End of_option_list.
Global Instance collection_guard `{CollectionMonad M} : MGuard M :=
λ P dec A x, match dec with left H => x H | _ => ∅ end.
Section collection_monad_base.
Context `{CollectionMonad M}.
Lemma elem_of_guard `{Decision P} {A} (x : A) (X : M A) :
x ∈ guard P; X ↔ P ∧ x ∈ X.
Proof.
unfold mguard, collection_guard; simpl; case_match;
rewrite ?elem_of_empty; naive_solver.
Qed.
Lemma elem_of_guard_2 `{Decision P} {A} (x : A) (X : M A) :
P → x ∈ X → x ∈ guard P; X.
Proof. by rewrite elem_of_guard. Qed.
Lemma guard_empty `{Decision P} {A} (X : M A) : guard P; X ≡ ∅ ↔ ¬P ∨ X ≡ ∅.
Proof.
rewrite !elem_of_equiv_empty; setoid_rewrite elem_of_guard.
destruct (decide P); naive_solver.
Qed.
Lemma bind_empty {A B} (f : A → M B) X :
X ≫= f ≡ ∅ ↔ X ≡ ∅ ∨ ∀ x, x ∈ X → f x ≡ ∅.
Proof.
setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_empty; setoid_rewrite elem_of_bind.
naive_solver.
Qed.
End collection_monad_base.
(** * Tactics *)
(** Given a hypothesis [H : _ ∈ _], the tactic [destruct_elem_of H] will
recursively split [H] for [(∪)], [(∩)], [(∖)], [map], [∅], [{[_]}]. *)
Tactic Notation "decompose_elem_of" hyp(H) :=
let rec go H :=
lazymatch type of H with
| _ ∈ ∅ => apply elem_of_empty in H; destruct H
| ?x ∈ {[ ?y ]} =>
apply elem_of_singleton in H; try first [subst y | subst x]
| ?x ∉ {[ ?y ]} =>
apply not_elem_of_singleton in H
| _ ∈ _ ∪ _ =>
apply elem_of_union in H; destruct H as [H|H]; [go H|go H]
| _ ∉ _ ∪ _ =>
let H1 := fresh H in let H2 := fresh H in apply not_elem_of_union in H;
destruct H as [H1 H2]; go H1; go H2
| _ ∈ _ ∩ _ =>
let H1 := fresh H in let H2 := fresh H in apply elem_of_intersection in H;
destruct H as [H1 H2]; go H1; go H2
| _ ∈ _ ∖ _ =>
let H1 := fresh H in let H2 := fresh H in apply elem_of_difference in H;
destruct H as [H1 H2]; go H1; go H2
| ?x ∈ _ <$> _ =>
apply elem_of_fmap in H; destruct H as [? [? H]]; try (subst x); go H
| _ ∈ _ ≫= _ =>
let H1 := fresh H in let H2 := fresh H in apply elem_of_bind in H;
destruct H as [? [H1 H2]]; go H1; go H2
| ?x ∈ mret ?y =>
apply elem_of_ret in H; try first [subst y | subst x]
| _ ∈ mjoin _ ≫= _ =>
let H1 := fresh H in let H2 := fresh H in apply elem_of_join in H;
destruct H as [? [H1 H2]]; go H1; go H2
| _ ∈ guard _; _ =>
let H1 := fresh H in let H2 := fresh H in apply elem_of_guard in H;
destruct H as [H1 H2]; go H2
| _ ∈ of_option _ => apply elem_of_of_option in H
| _ ∈ of_list _ => apply elem_of_of_list in H
| _ => idtac
end in go H.
Tactic Notation "decompose_elem_of" :=
repeat_on_hyps (fun H => decompose_elem_of H).
Ltac decompose_empty := repeat
match goal with
| H : ∅ ≡ ∅ |- _ => clear H
| H : ∅ = ∅ |- _ => clear H
| H : ∅ ≡ _ |- _ => symmetry in H
| H : ∅ = _ |- _ => symmetry in H
| H : _ ∪ _ ≡ ∅ |- _ => apply empty_union in H; destruct H
| H : _ ∪ _ ≢ ∅ |- _ => apply non_empty_union in H; destruct H
| H : {[ _ ]} ≡ ∅ |- _ => destruct (non_empty_singleton _ H)
| H : _ ∪ _ = ∅ |- _ => apply empty_union_L in H; destruct H
| H : _ ∪ _ ≠ ∅ |- _ => apply non_empty_union_L in H; destruct H
| H : {[ _ ]} = ∅ |- _ => destruct (non_empty_singleton_L _ H)
| H : guard _ ; _ ≡ ∅ |- _ => apply guard_empty in H; destruct H
end.
(** The first pass of our collection tactic consists of eliminating all
occurrences of [(∪)], [(∩)], [(∖)], [(<$>)], [∅], [{[_]}], [(≡)], and [(⊆)],
by rewriting these into logically equivalent propositions. For example we
rewrite [A → x ∈ X ∪ ∅] into [A → x ∈ X ∨ False]. *)
Ltac unfold_elem_of :=
repeat_on_hyps (fun H =>
repeat match type of H with
| context [ _ ⊆ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_subseteq in H
| context [ _ ⊂ _ ] => setoid_rewrite subset_spec in H
| context [ _ ≡ ∅ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_empty in H
| context [ _ ≡ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_alt in H
| context [ _ = ∅ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_empty_L in H
| context [ _ = _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_alt_L in H
| context [ _ ∈ ∅ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_empty in H
| context [ _ ∈ {[ _ ]} ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_singleton in H
| context [ _ ∈ _ ∪ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_union in H
| context [ _ ∈ _ ∩ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_intersection in H
| context [ _ ∈ _ ∖ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_difference in H
| context [ _ ∈ _ <$> _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_fmap in H
| context [ _ ∈ mret _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_ret in H
| context [ _ ∈ _ ≫= _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_bind in H
| context [ _ ∈ mjoin _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_join in H
| context [ _ ∈ guard _; _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_guard in H
| context [ _ ∈ of_option _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_of_option in H
| context [ _ ∈ of_list _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_of_list in H
end);
repeat match goal with
| |- context [ _ ⊆ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_subseteq
| |- context [ _ ⊂ _ ] => setoid_rewrite subset_spec
| |- context [ _ ≡ ∅ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_empty
| |- context [ _ ≡ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_alt
| |- context [ _ = ∅ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_empty_L
| |- context [ _ = _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_equiv_alt_L
| |- context [ _ ∈ ∅ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_empty
| |- context [ _ ∈ {[ _ ]} ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_singleton
| |- context [ _ ∈ _ ∪ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_union
| |- context [ _ ∈ _ ∩ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_intersection
| |- context [ _ ∈ _ ∖ _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_difference
| |- context [ _ ∈ _ <$> _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_fmap
| |- context [ _ ∈ mret _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_ret
| |- context [ _ ∈ _ ≫= _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_bind
| |- context [ _ ∈ mjoin _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_join
| |- context [ _ ∈ guard _; _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_guard
| |- context [ _ ∈ of_option _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_of_option
| |- context [ _ ∈ of_list _ ] => setoid_rewrite elem_of_of_list
end.
(** Since [firstorder] fails or loops on very small goals generated by
[solve_elem_of] already. We use the [naive_solver] tactic as a substitute.
This tactic either fails or proves the goal. *)
Tactic Notation "solve_elem_of" tactic3(tac) :=
setoid_subst;
decompose_empty;
unfold_elem_of;
naive_solver tac.
Tactic Notation "solve_elem_of" "-" hyp_list(Hs) "/" tactic3(tac) :=
clear Hs; solve_elem_of tac.
Tactic Notation "solve_elem_of" "+" hyp_list(Hs) "/" tactic3(tac) :=
revert Hs; clear; solve_elem_of tac.
Tactic Notation "solve_elem_of" := solve_elem_of eauto.
Tactic Notation "solve_elem_of" "-" hyp_list(Hs) := clear Hs; solve_elem_of.
Tactic Notation "solve_elem_of" "+" hyp_list(Hs) :=
revert Hs; clear; solve_elem_of.
(** * More theorems *)
Section collection.
Context `{Collection A C}.
Implicit Types X Y : C.
Global Instance: Lattice C.
Proof. split. apply _. firstorder auto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Global Instance difference_proper :
Proper ((≡) ==> (≡) ==> (≡)) (@difference C _).
Proof.
intros X1 X2 HX Y1 Y2 HY; apply elem_of_equiv; intros x.
by rewrite !elem_of_difference, HX, HY.
Qed.
Lemma intersection_singletons x : ({[x]} : C) ∩ {[x]} ≡ {[x]}.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma difference_twice X Y : (X ∖ Y) ∖ Y ≡ X ∖ Y.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma subseteq_empty_difference X Y : X ⊆ Y → X ∖ Y ≡ ∅.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma difference_diag X : X ∖ X ≡ ∅.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma difference_union_distr_l X Y Z : (X ∪ Y) ∖ Z ≡ X ∖ Z ∪ Y ∖ Z.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma difference_union_distr_r X Y Z : Z ∖ (X ∪ Y) ≡ (Z ∖ X) ∩ (Z ∖ Y).
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma difference_intersection_distr_l X Y Z : (X ∩ Y) ∖ Z ≡ X ∖ Z ∩ Y ∖ Z.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma disjoint_union_difference X Y : X ∩ Y ≡ ∅ → (X ∪ Y) ∖ X ≡ Y.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Section leibniz.
Context `{!LeibnizEquiv C}.
Lemma intersection_singletons_L x : {[x]} ∩ {[x]} = {[x]}.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply intersection_singletons. Qed.
Lemma difference_twice_L X Y : (X ∖ Y) ∖ Y = X ∖ Y.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply difference_twice. Qed.
Lemma subseteq_empty_difference_L X Y : X ⊆ Y → X ∖ Y = ∅.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply subseteq_empty_difference. Qed.
Lemma difference_diag_L X : X ∖ X = ∅.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply difference_diag. Qed.
Lemma difference_union_distr_l_L X Y Z : (X ∪ Y) ∖ Z = X ∖ Z ∪ Y ∖ Z.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply difference_union_distr_l. Qed.
Lemma difference_union_distr_r_L X Y Z : Z ∖ (X ∪ Y) = (Z ∖ X) ∩ (Z ∖ Y).
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply difference_union_distr_r. Qed.
Lemma difference_intersection_distr_l_L X Y Z :
(X ∩ Y) ∖ Z = X ∖ Z ∩ Y ∖ Z.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply difference_intersection_distr_l. Qed.
Lemma disjoint_union_difference_L X Y : X ∩ Y = ∅ → (X ∪ Y) ∖ X = Y.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply disjoint_union_difference. Qed.
End leibniz.
Section dec.
Context `{∀ (x : A) (X : C), Decision (x ∈ X)}.
Lemma not_elem_of_intersection x X Y : x ∉ X ∩ Y ↔ x ∉ X ∨ x ∉ Y.
Proof. rewrite elem_of_intersection. destruct (decide (x ∈ X)); tauto. Qed.
Lemma not_elem_of_difference x X Y : x ∉ X ∖ Y ↔ x ∉ X ∨ x ∈ Y.
Proof. rewrite elem_of_difference. destruct (decide (x ∈ Y)); tauto. Qed.
Lemma union_difference X Y : X ⊆ Y → Y ≡ X ∪ Y ∖ X.
Proof.
split; intros x; rewrite !elem_of_union, elem_of_difference; [|intuition].
destruct (decide (x ∈ X)); intuition.
Qed.
Lemma non_empty_difference X Y : X ⊂ Y → Y ∖ X ≢ ∅.
Proof.
intros [HXY1 HXY2] Hdiff. destruct HXY2. intros x.
destruct (decide (x ∈ X)); solve_elem_of.
Qed.
Lemma empty_difference_subseteq X Y : X ∖ Y ≡ ∅ → X ⊆ Y.
Proof. intros ? x ?; apply dec_stable; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Context `{!LeibnizEquiv C}.
Lemma union_difference_L X Y : X ⊆ Y → Y = X ∪ Y ∖ X.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply union_difference. Qed.
Lemma non_empty_difference_L X Y : X ⊂ Y → Y ∖ X ≠ ∅.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply non_empty_difference. Qed.
Lemma empty_difference_subseteq_L X Y : X ∖ Y = ∅ → X ⊆ Y.
Proof. unfold_leibniz. apply empty_difference_subseteq. Qed.
End dec.
End collection.
Section collection_ops.
Context `{CollectionOps A C}.
Lemma elem_of_intersection_with_list (f : A → A → option A) Xs Y x :
x ∈ intersection_with_list f Y Xs ↔ ∃ xs y,
Forall2 (∈) xs Xs ∧ y ∈ Y ∧ foldr (λ x, (≫= f x)) (Some y) xs = Some x.
Proof.
split.
* revert x. induction Xs; simpl; intros x HXs; [eexists [], x; intuition|].
rewrite elem_of_intersection_with in HXs; destruct HXs as (x1&x2&?&?&?).
destruct (IHXs x2) as (xs & y & hy & ? & ?); trivial.
eexists (x1 :: xs), y. intuition (simplify_option_equality; auto).
* intros (xs & y & Hxs & ? & Hx). revert x Hx.
induction Hxs; intros; simplify_option_equality; [done |].
rewrite elem_of_intersection_with. naive_solver.
Qed.
Lemma intersection_with_list_ind (P Q : A → Prop) f Xs Y :
(∀ y, y ∈ Y → P y) →
Forall (λ X, ∀ x, x ∈ X → Q x) Xs →
(∀ x y z, Q x → P y → f x y = Some z → P z) →
∀ x, x ∈ intersection_with_list f Y Xs → P x.
Proof.
intros HY HXs Hf. induction Xs; simplify_option_equality; [done |].
intros x Hx. rewrite elem_of_intersection_with in Hx.
decompose_Forall. destruct Hx as (? & ? & ? & ? & ?). eauto.
Qed.
End collection_ops.
(** * Sets without duplicates up to an equivalence *)
Section NoDup.
Context `{SimpleCollection A B} (R : relation A) `{!Equivalence R}.
Definition elem_of_upto (x : A) (X : B) := ∃ y, y ∈ X ∧ R x y.
Definition set_NoDup (X : B) := ∀ x y, x ∈ X → y ∈ X → R x y → x = y.
Global Instance: Proper ((≡) ==> iff) (elem_of_upto x).
Proof. intros ??? E. unfold elem_of_upto. by setoid_rewrite E. Qed.
Global Instance: Proper (R ==> (≡) ==> iff) elem_of_upto.
Proof.
intros ?? E1 ?? E2. split; intros [z [??]]; exists z.
* rewrite <-E1, <-E2; intuition.
* rewrite E1, E2; intuition.
Qed.
Global Instance: Proper ((≡) ==> iff) set_NoDup.
Proof. firstorder. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_upto_elem_of x X : x ∈ X → elem_of_upto x X.
Proof. unfold elem_of_upto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_upto_empty x : ¬elem_of_upto x ∅.
Proof. unfold elem_of_upto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_upto_singleton x y : elem_of_upto x {[ y ]} ↔ R x y.
Proof. unfold elem_of_upto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_upto_union X Y x :
elem_of_upto x (X ∪ Y) ↔ elem_of_upto x X ∨ elem_of_upto x Y.
Proof. unfold elem_of_upto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma not_elem_of_upto x X : ¬elem_of_upto x X → ∀ y, y ∈ X → ¬R x y.
Proof. unfold elem_of_upto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_NoDup_empty: set_NoDup ∅.
Proof. unfold set_NoDup. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_NoDup_add x X :
¬elem_of_upto x X → set_NoDup X → set_NoDup ({[ x ]} ∪ X).
Proof. unfold set_NoDup, elem_of_upto. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_NoDup_inv_add x X :
x ∉ X → set_NoDup ({[ x ]} ∪ X) → ¬elem_of_upto x X.
Proof.
intros Hin Hnodup [y [??]].
rewrite (Hnodup x y) in Hin; solve_elem_of.
Qed.
Lemma set_NoDup_inv_union_l X Y : set_NoDup (X ∪ Y) → set_NoDup X.
Proof. unfold set_NoDup. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_NoDup_inv_union_r X Y : set_NoDup (X ∪ Y) → set_NoDup Y.
Proof. unfold set_NoDup. solve_elem_of. Qed.
End NoDup.
(** * Quantifiers *)
Section quantifiers.
Context `{SimpleCollection A B} (P : A → Prop).
Definition set_Forall X := ∀ x, x ∈ X → P x.
Definition set_Exists X := ∃ x, x ∈ X ∧ P x.
Lemma set_Forall_empty : set_Forall ∅.
Proof. unfold set_Forall. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Forall_singleton x : set_Forall {[ x ]} ↔ P x.
Proof. unfold set_Forall. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Forall_union X Y : set_Forall X → set_Forall Y → set_Forall (X ∪ Y).
Proof. unfold set_Forall. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Forall_union_inv_1 X Y : set_Forall (X ∪ Y) → set_Forall X.
Proof. unfold set_Forall. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Forall_union_inv_2 X Y : set_Forall (X ∪ Y) → set_Forall Y.
Proof. unfold set_Forall. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Exists_empty : ¬set_Exists ∅.
Proof. unfold set_Exists. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Exists_singleton x : set_Exists {[ x ]} ↔ P x.
Proof. unfold set_Exists. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Exists_union_1 X Y : set_Exists X → set_Exists (X ∪ Y).
Proof. unfold set_Exists. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Exists_union_2 X Y : set_Exists Y → set_Exists (X ∪ Y).
Proof. unfold set_Exists. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma set_Exists_union_inv X Y :
set_Exists (X ∪ Y) → set_Exists X ∨ set_Exists Y.
Proof. unfold set_Exists. solve_elem_of. Qed.
End quantifiers.
Section more_quantifiers.
Context `{SimpleCollection A B}.
Lemma set_Forall_weaken (P Q : A → Prop) (Hweaken : ∀ x, P x → Q x) X :
set_Forall P X → set_Forall Q X.
Proof. unfold set_Forall. naive_solver. Qed.
Lemma set_Exists_weaken (P Q : A → Prop) (Hweaken : ∀ x, P x → Q x) X :
set_Exists P X → set_Exists Q X.
Proof. unfold set_Exists. naive_solver. Qed.
End more_quantifiers.
(** * Fresh elements *)
(** We collect some properties on the [fresh] operation. In particular we
generalize [fresh] to generate lists of fresh elements. *)
Fixpoint fresh_list `{Fresh A C, Union C, Singleton A C}
(n : nat) (X : C) : list A :=
match n with
| 0 => []
| S n => let x := fresh X in x :: fresh_list n ({[ x ]} ∪ X)
end.
Inductive Forall_fresh `{ElemOf A C} (X : C) : list A → Prop :=
| Forall_fresh_nil : Forall_fresh X []
| Forall_fresh_cons x xs :
x ∉ xs → x ∉ X → Forall_fresh X xs → Forall_fresh X (x :: xs).
Section fresh.
Context `{FreshSpec A C}.
Implicit Types X Y : C.
Global Instance fresh_proper: Proper ((≡) ==> (=)) (fresh (C:=C)).
Proof. intros ???. by apply fresh_proper_alt, elem_of_equiv. Qed.
Global Instance fresh_list_proper:
Proper ((=) ==> (≡) ==> (=)) (fresh_list (C:=C)).
Proof.
intros ? n ->. induction n as [|n IH]; intros ?? E; f_equal'; [by rewrite E|].
apply IH. by rewrite E.
Qed.
Lemma Forall_fresh_NoDup X xs : Forall_fresh X xs → NoDup xs.
Proof. induction 1; by constructor. Qed.
Lemma Forall_fresh_elem_of X xs x : Forall_fresh X xs → x ∈ xs → x ∉ X.
Proof.
intros HX; revert x; rewrite <-Forall_forall.
by induction HX; constructor.
Qed.
Lemma Forall_fresh_alt X xs :
Forall_fresh X xs ↔ NoDup xs ∧ ∀ x, x ∈ xs → x ∉ X.
Proof.
split; eauto using Forall_fresh_NoDup, Forall_fresh_elem_of.
rewrite <-Forall_forall.
intros [Hxs Hxs']. induction Hxs; decompose_Forall_hyps; constructor; auto.
Qed.
Lemma Forall_fresh_subseteq X Y xs :
Forall_fresh X xs → Y ⊆ X → Forall_fresh Y xs.
Proof. rewrite !Forall_fresh_alt; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma fresh_list_length n X : length (fresh_list n X) = n.
Proof. revert X. induction n; simpl; auto. Qed.
Lemma fresh_list_is_fresh n X x : x ∈ fresh_list n X → x ∉ X.
Proof.
revert X. induction n as [|n IH]; intros X; simpl;[by rewrite elem_of_nil|].
rewrite elem_of_cons; intros [->| Hin]; [apply is_fresh|].
apply IH in Hin; solve_elem_of.
Qed.
Lemma NoDup_fresh_list n X : NoDup (fresh_list n X).
Proof.
revert X. induction n; simpl; constructor; auto.
intros Hin; apply fresh_list_is_fresh in Hin; solve_elem_of.
Qed.
Lemma Forall_fresh_list X n : Forall_fresh X (fresh_list n X).
Proof.
rewrite Forall_fresh_alt; eauto using NoDup_fresh_list, fresh_list_is_fresh.
Qed.
End fresh.
(** * Properties of implementations of collections that form a monad *)
Section collection_monad.
Context `{CollectionMonad M}.
Global Instance collection_fmap_proper {A B} :
Proper (pointwise_relation _ (=) ==> (≡) ==> (≡)) (@fmap M _ A B).
Proof. intros f g ? X Y [??]; split; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Global Instance collection_bind_proper {A B} :
Proper (((=) ==> (≡)) ==> (≡) ==> (≡)) (@mbind M _ A B).
Proof. unfold respectful; intros f g Hfg X Y [??]; split; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Global Instance collection_join_proper {A} :
Proper ((≡) ==> (≡)) (@mjoin M _ A).
Proof. intros X Y [??]; split; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma collection_bind_singleton {A B} (f : A → M B) x : {[ x ]} ≫= f ≡ f x.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma collection_guard_True {A} `{Decision P} (X : M A) : P → guard P; X ≡ X.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma collection_fmap_compose {A B C} (f : A → B) (g : B → C) (X : M A) :
g ∘ f <$> X ≡ g <$> (f <$> X).
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_fmap_1 {A B} (f : A → B) (X : M A) (y : B) :
y ∈ f <$> X → ∃ x, y = f x ∧ x ∈ X.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_fmap_2 {A B} (f : A → B) (X : M A) (x : A) :
x ∈ X → f x ∈ f <$> X.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_fmap_2_alt {A B} (f : A → B) (X : M A) (x : A) (y : B) :
x ∈ X → y = f x → y ∈ f <$> X.
Proof. solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_mapM {A B} (f : A → M B) l k :
l ∈ mapM f k ↔ Forall2 (λ x y, x ∈ f y) l k.
Proof.
split.
* revert l. induction k; solve_elem_of.
* induction 1; solve_elem_of.
Qed.
Lemma collection_mapM_length {A B} (f : A → M B) l k :
l ∈ mapM f k → length l = length k.
Proof. revert l; induction k; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_mapM_fmap {A B} (f : A → B) (g : B → M A) l k :
Forall (λ x, ∀ y, y ∈ g x → f y = x) l → k ∈ mapM g l → fmap f k = l.
Proof.
intros Hl. revert k. induction Hl; simpl; intros;
decompose_elem_of; f_equal'; auto.
Qed.
Lemma elem_of_mapM_Forall {A B} (f : A → M B) (P : B → Prop) l k :
l ∈ mapM f k → Forall (λ x, ∀ y, y ∈ f x → P y) k → Forall P l.
Proof. rewrite elem_of_mapM. apply Forall2_Forall_l. Qed.
Lemma elem_of_mapM_Forall2_l {A B C} (f : A → M B) (P: B → C → Prop) l1 l2 k :
l1 ∈ mapM f k → Forall2 (λ x y, ∀ z, z ∈ f x → P z y) k l2 →
Forall2 P l1 l2.
Proof.
rewrite elem_of_mapM. intros Hl1. revert l2.
induction Hl1; inversion_clear 1; constructor; auto.
Qed.
End collection_monad.
(** Finite collections *)
Definition set_finite `{ElemOf A B} (X : B) := ∃ l : list A, ∀ x, x ∈ X → x ∈ l.
Section finite.
Context `{SimpleCollection A B}.
Global Instance set_finite_subseteq :
Proper (flip (⊆) ==> impl) (@set_finite A B _).
Proof. intros X Y HX [l Hl]; exists l; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Global Instance set_finite_proper : Proper ((≡) ==> iff) (@set_finite A B _).
Proof. by intros X Y [??]; split; apply set_finite_subseteq. Qed.
Lemma empty_finite : set_finite ∅.
Proof. by exists []; intros ?; rewrite elem_of_empty. Qed.
Lemma singleton_finite (x : A) : set_finite {[ x ]}.
Proof. exists [x]; intros y ->%elem_of_singleton; left. Qed.
Lemma union_finite X Y : set_finite X → set_finite Y → set_finite (X ∪ Y).
Proof.
intros [lX ?] [lY ?]; exists (lX ++ lY); intros x.
rewrite elem_of_union, elem_of_app; naive_solver.
Qed.
Lemma union_finite_inv_l X Y : set_finite (X ∪ Y) → set_finite X.
Proof. intros [l ?]; exists l; solve_elem_of. Qed.
Lemma union_finite_inv_r X Y : set_finite (X ∪ Y) → set_finite Y.
Proof. intros [l ?]; exists l; solve_elem_of. Qed.
End finite.
Section more_finite.
Context `{Collection A B}.
Lemma intersection_finite_l X Y : set_finite X → set_finite (X ∩ Y).
Proof. intros [l ?]; exists l; intros x [??]%elem_of_intersection; auto. Qed.
Lemma intersection_finite_r X Y : set_finite Y → set_finite (X ∩ Y).
Proof. intros [l ?]; exists l; intros x [??]%elem_of_intersection; auto. Qed.
Lemma difference_finite X Y : set_finite X → set_finite (X ∖ Y).
Proof. intros [l ?]; exists l; intros x [??]%elem_of_difference; auto. Qed.
Lemma difference_finite_inv X Y `{∀ x, Decision (x ∈ Y)} :
set_finite Y → set_finite (X ∖ Y) → set_finite X.
Proof.
intros [l ?] [k ?]; exists (l ++ k).
intros x ?; destruct (decide (x ∈ Y)); rewrite elem_of_app; solve_elem_of.
Qed.
End more_finite.