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From iris.algebra Require Import functions gmap proofmode_classes.
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From iris.base_logic.lib Require Export iprop.
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Set Default Proof Using "Type".
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Import uPred.

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(** The class [inG Σ A] expresses that the CMRA [A] is in the list of functors
[Σ]. This class is similar to the [subG] class, but written down in terms of
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individual CMRAs instead of (lists of) CMRA *functors*. This additional class is
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needed because Coq is otherwise unable to solve type class constraints due to
higher-order unification problems. *)
Class inG (Σ : gFunctors) (A : cmraT) :=
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  InG { inG_id : gid Σ; inG_prf : A = gFunctors_lookup Σ inG_id (iPrePropO Σ) _ }.
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Arguments inG_id {_ _} _.
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(** We use the mode [-] for [Σ] since there is always a unique [Σ]. We use the
mode [!] for [A] since we can have multiple [inG]s for different [A]s, so we do
not want Coq to pick one arbitrarily. *)
Hint Mode inG - ! : typeclass_instances.
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Lemma subG_inG Σ (F : gFunctor) : subG F Σ  inG Σ (F (iPrePropO Σ) _).
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Proof. move=> /(_ 0%fin) /= [j ->]. by exists j. Qed.

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(** This tactic solves the usual obligations "subG ? Σ → {in,?}G ? Σ" *)
Ltac solve_inG :=
  (* Get all assumptions *)
  intros;
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  (* Unfold the top-level xΣ. We need to support this to be a function. *)
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  lazymatch goal with
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  | H : subG (?xΣ _ _ _ _) _ |- _ => try unfold xΣ in H
  | H : subG (?xΣ _ _ _) _ |- _ => try unfold xΣ in H
  | H : subG (?xΣ _ _) _ |- _ => try unfold xΣ in H
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  | H : subG (?xΣ _) _ |- _ => try unfold xΣ in H
  | H : subG ?xΣ _ |- _ => try unfold xΣ in H
  end;
  (* Take apart subG for non-"atomic" lists *)
  repeat match goal with
         | H : subG (gFunctors.app _ _) _ |- _ => apply subG_inv in H; destruct H
         end;
  (* Try to turn singleton subG into inG; but also keep the subG for typeclass
     resolution -- to keep them, we put them onto the goal. *)
  repeat match goal with
         | H : subG _ _ |- _ => move:(H); (apply subG_inG in H || clear H)
         end;
  (* Again get all assumptions *)
  intros;
  (* We support two kinds of goals: Things convertible to inG;
     and records with inG and typeclass fields. Try to solve the
     first case. *)
  try done;
  (* That didn't work, now we're in for the second case. *)
  split; (assumption || by apply _).

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(** * Definition of the connective [own] *)
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Definition iRes_singleton {Σ A} {i : inG Σ A} (γ : gname) (a : A) : iResUR Σ :=
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  discrete_fun_singleton (inG_id i) {[ γ := cmra_transport inG_prf a ]}.
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Instance: Params (@iRes_singleton) 4 := {}.
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Definition own_def `{!inG Σ A} (γ : gname) (a : A) : iProp Σ :=
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  uPred_ownM (iRes_singleton γ a).
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Definition own_aux : seal (@own_def). by eexists. Qed.
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Definition own {Σ A i} := own_aux.(unseal) Σ A i.
Definition own_eq : @own = @own_def := own_aux.(seal_eq).
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Instance: Params (@own) 4 := {}.
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Typeclasses Opaque own.
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(** * Properties about ghost ownership *)
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Section global.
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Context `{Hin: !inG Σ A}.
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Implicit Types a : A.

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(** ** Properties of [iRes_singleton] *)
Global Instance iRes_singleton_ne γ :
  NonExpansive (@iRes_singleton Σ A _ γ).
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Proof. by intros n a a' Ha; apply discrete_fun_singleton_ne; rewrite Ha. Qed.
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Lemma iRes_singleton_op γ a1 a2 :
  iRes_singleton γ (a1  a2)  iRes_singleton γ a1  iRes_singleton γ a2.
Proof.
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  by rewrite /iRes_singleton discrete_fun_op_singleton op_singleton cmra_transport_op.
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Qed.

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(** ** Properties of [own] *)
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Global Instance own_ne γ : NonExpansive (@own Σ A _ γ).
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Proof. rewrite !own_eq. solve_proper. Qed.
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Global Instance own_proper γ :
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  Proper (() ==> ()) (@own Σ A _ γ) := ne_proper _.
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Lemma own_op γ a1 a2 : own γ (a1  a2)  own γ a1  own γ a2.
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Proof. by rewrite !own_eq /own_def -ownM_op iRes_singleton_op. Qed.
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Lemma own_mono γ a1 a2 : a2  a1  own γ a1  own γ a2.
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Proof. move=> [c ->]. by rewrite own_op sep_elim_l. Qed.
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Global Instance own_mono' γ : Proper (flip () ==> ()) (@own Σ A _ γ).
Proof. intros a1 a2. apply own_mono. Qed.
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Lemma own_valid γ a : own γ a   a.
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Proof.
  rewrite !own_eq /own_def ownM_valid /iRes_singleton.
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  rewrite discrete_fun_validI (forall_elim (inG_id Hin)) discrete_fun_lookup_singleton.
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  rewrite gmap_validI (forall_elim γ) lookup_singleton option_validI.
  (* implicit arguments differ a bit *)
  by trans ( cmra_transport inG_prf a : iProp Σ)%I; last destruct inG_prf.
Qed.
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Lemma own_valid_2 γ a1 a2 : own γ a1 - own γ a2 -  (a1  a2).
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Proof. apply wand_intro_r. by rewrite -own_op own_valid. Qed.
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Lemma own_valid_3 γ a1 a2 a3 : own γ a1 - own γ a2 - own γ a3 -  (a1  a2  a3).
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Proof. do 2 apply wand_intro_r. by rewrite -!own_op own_valid. Qed.
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Lemma own_valid_r γ a : own γ a  own γ a   a.
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Proof. apply: bi.persistent_entails_r. apply own_valid. Qed.
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Lemma own_valid_l γ a : own γ a   a  own γ a.
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Proof. by rewrite comm -own_valid_r. Qed.
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Global Instance own_timeless γ a : Discrete a  Timeless (own γ a).
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Proof. rewrite !own_eq /own_def; apply _. Qed.
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Global Instance own_core_persistent γ a : CoreId a  Persistent (own γ a).
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Proof. rewrite !own_eq /own_def; apply _. Qed.
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Lemma later_own γ a :  own γ a -  ( b, own γ b   (a  b)).
Proof.
  rewrite own_eq /own_def later_ownM. apply exist_elim=> r.
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  assert (NonExpansive (λ r : iResUR Σ, r (inG_id Hin) !! γ)).
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  { intros n r1 r2 Hr. f_equiv. by specialize (Hr (inG_id Hin)). }
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  rewrite (f_equiv (λ r : iResUR Σ, r (inG_id Hin) !! γ) _ r).
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  rewrite {1}/iRes_singleton discrete_fun_lookup_singleton lookup_singleton.
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  rewrite option_equivI. case Hb: (r (inG_id _) !! γ)=> [b|]; last first.
  { by rewrite and_elim_r /sbi_except_0 -or_intro_l. }
  rewrite -except_0_intro -(exist_intro (cmra_transport (eq_sym inG_prf) b)).
  apply and_mono.
  - rewrite /iRes_singleton. assert ( {A A' : cmraT} (Heq : A' = A) (a : A),
      cmra_transport Heq (cmra_transport (eq_sym Heq) a) = a) as ->
      by (by intros ?? ->).
    apply ownM_mono=> /=.
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    exists (discrete_fun_insert (inG_id _) (delete γ (r (inG_id Hin))) r).
    intros i'. rewrite discrete_fun_lookup_op.
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    destruct (decide (i' = inG_id Hin)) as [->|?].
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    + rewrite discrete_fun_lookup_insert discrete_fun_lookup_singleton.
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      intros γ'. rewrite lookup_op. destruct (decide (γ' = γ)) as [->|?].
      * by rewrite lookup_singleton lookup_delete Hb.
      * by rewrite lookup_singleton_ne // lookup_delete_ne // left_id.
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    + rewrite discrete_fun_lookup_insert_ne //.
      by rewrite discrete_fun_lookup_singleton_ne // left_id.
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  - apply later_mono.
    by assert ( {A A' : cmraT} (Heq : A' = A) (a' : A') (a : A),
      cmra_transport Heq a'  a @{iPropI Σ}
        a'  cmra_transport (eq_sym Heq) a) as -> by (by intros ?? ->).
Qed.

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(** ** Allocation *)
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(* TODO: This also holds if we just have ✓ a at the current step-idx, as Iris
   assertion. However, the map_updateP_alloc does not suffice to show this. *)
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Lemma own_alloc_strong a (P : gname  Prop) :
  pred_infinite P 
   a  (|==>  γ, P γ⌝  own γ a)%I.
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Proof.
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  intros HP Ha.
  rewrite -(bupd_mono ( m,  γ, P γ  m = iRes_singleton γ a  uPred_ownM m)%I).
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  - rewrite /uPred_valid /bi_emp_valid (ownM_unit emp).
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    eapply bupd_ownM_updateP, (discrete_fun_singleton_updateP_empty (inG_id Hin));
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      first (eapply alloc_updateP_strong', cmra_transport_valid, Ha);
      naive_solver.
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  - apply exist_elim=>m; apply pure_elim_l=>-[γ [Hfresh ->]].
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    by rewrite !own_eq /own_def -(exist_intro γ) pure_True // left_id.
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Qed.
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Lemma own_alloc_cofinite a (G : gset gname) :
   a  (|==>  γ, ⌜γ  G  own γ a)%I.
Proof.
  intros Ha.
  apply (own_alloc_strong a (λ γ, γ  G))=> //.
  apply (pred_infinite_set (C:=gset gname)).
  intros E. set (i := fresh (G  E)).
  exists i. apply not_elem_of_union, is_fresh.
Qed.
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Lemma own_alloc a :  a  (|==>  γ, own γ a)%I.
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Proof.
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  intros Ha. rewrite /uPred_valid /bi_emp_valid (own_alloc_cofinite a ) //; [].
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  apply bupd_mono, exist_mono=>?. eauto using and_elim_r.
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Qed.
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(** ** Frame preserving updates *)
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Lemma own_updateP P γ a : a ~~>: P  own γ a ==  a', P a'  own γ a'.
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Proof.
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  intros Ha. rewrite !own_eq.
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  rewrite -(bupd_mono ( m,  a', m = iRes_singleton γ a'  P a'  uPred_ownM m)%I).
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  - eapply bupd_ownM_updateP, discrete_fun_singleton_updateP;
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      first by (eapply singleton_updateP', cmra_transport_updateP', Ha).
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    naive_solver.
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  - apply exist_elim=>m; apply pure_elim_l=>-[a' [-> HP]].
    rewrite -(exist_intro a'). by apply and_intro; [apply pure_intro|].
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Qed.

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Lemma own_update γ a a' : a ~~> a'  own γ a == own γ a'.
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Proof.
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  intros; rewrite (own_updateP (a' =.)); last by apply cmra_update_updateP.
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  by apply bupd_mono, exist_elim=> a''; apply pure_elim_l=> ->.
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Qed.
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Lemma own_update_2 γ a1 a2 a' :
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  a1  a2 ~~> a'  own γ a1 - own γ a2 == own γ a'.
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Proof. intros. apply wand_intro_r. rewrite -own_op. by apply own_update. Qed.
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Lemma own_update_3 γ a1 a2 a3 a' :
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  a1  a2  a3 ~~> a'  own γ a1 - own γ a2 - own γ a3 == own γ a'.
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Proof. intros. do 2 apply wand_intro_r. rewrite -!own_op. by apply own_update. Qed.
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End global.
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Arguments own_valid {_ _} [_] _ _.
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Arguments own_valid_2 {_ _} [_] _ _ _.
Arguments own_valid_3 {_ _} [_] _ _ _ _.
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Arguments own_valid_l {_ _} [_] _ _.
Arguments own_valid_r {_ _} [_] _ _.
Arguments own_updateP {_ _} [_] _ _ _ _.
Arguments own_update {_ _} [_] _ _ _ _.
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Arguments own_update_2 {_ _} [_] _ _ _ _ _.
Arguments own_update_3 {_ _} [_] _ _ _ _ _ _.
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Lemma own_unit A `{!inG Σ (A:ucmraT)} γ : (|==> own γ (ε:A))%I.
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Proof.
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  rewrite /uPred_valid /bi_emp_valid (ownM_unit emp) !own_eq /own_def.
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  apply bupd_ownM_update, discrete_fun_singleton_update_empty.
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  apply (alloc_unit_singleton_update (cmra_transport inG_prf ε)); last done.
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  - apply cmra_transport_valid, ucmra_unit_valid.
  - intros x; destruct inG_prf. by rewrite left_id.
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Qed.
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(** Big op class instances *)
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Instance own_cmra_sep_homomorphism `{!inG Σ (A:ucmraT)} :
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  WeakMonoidHomomorphism op uPred_sep () (own γ).
Proof. split; try apply _. apply own_op. Qed.
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(** Proofmode class instances *)
Section proofmode_classes.
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  Context `{!inG Σ A}.
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  Implicit Types a b : A.

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  Global Instance into_sep_own γ a b1 b2 :
    IsOp a b1 b2  IntoSep (own γ a) (own γ b1) (own γ b2).
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  Proof. intros. by rewrite /IntoSep (is_op a) own_op. Qed.
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  Global Instance into_and_own p γ a b1 b2 :
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    IsOp a b1 b2  IntoAnd p (own γ a) (own γ b1) (own γ b2).
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  Proof. intros. by rewrite /IntoAnd (is_op a) own_op sep_and. Qed.

  Global Instance from_sep_own γ a b1 b2 :
    IsOp a b1 b2  FromSep (own γ a) (own γ b1) (own γ b2).
  Proof. intros. by rewrite /FromSep -own_op -is_op. Qed.
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  Global Instance from_and_own_persistent γ a b1 b2 :
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    IsOp a b1 b2  TCOr (CoreId b1) (CoreId b2) 
    FromAnd (own γ a) (own γ b1) (own γ b2).
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  Proof.
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    intros ? Hb. rewrite /FromAnd (is_op a) own_op.
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    destruct Hb; by rewrite persistent_and_sep.
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  Qed.
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End proofmode_classes.