upred_tactics.v 11.3 KB
Newer Older
1 2
From algebra Require Export upred.
From algebra Require Export upred_big_op.
3
Import uPred.
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

Module upred_reflection. Section upred_reflection.
  Context {M : cmraT}.

  Inductive expr :=
    | ETrue : expr
    | EVar : nat  expr
    | ESep : expr  expr  expr.
  Fixpoint eval (Σ : list (uPred M)) (e : expr) : uPred M :=
    match e with
    | ETrue => True
    | EVar n => from_option True%I (Σ !! n)
    | ESep e1 e2 => eval Σ e1  eval Σ e2
    end.
  Fixpoint flatten (e : expr) : list nat :=
    match e with
    | ETrue => []
    | EVar n => [n]
    | ESep e1 e2 => flatten e1 ++ flatten e2
    end.

  Notation eval_list Σ l :=
    (uPred_big_sep ((λ n, from_option True%I (Σ !! n)) <$> l)).
  Lemma eval_flatten Σ e : eval Σ e  eval_list Σ (flatten e).
  Proof.
    induction e as [| |e1 IH1 e2 IH2];
      rewrite /= ?right_id ?fmap_app ?big_sep_app ?IH1 ?IH2 //. 
  Qed.
  Lemma flatten_entails Σ e1 e2 :
    flatten e2 `contains` flatten e1  eval Σ e1  eval Σ e2.
  Proof.
    intros. rewrite !eval_flatten. by apply big_sep_contains, fmap_contains.
  Qed.
  Lemma flatten_equiv Σ e1 e2 :
    flatten e2  flatten e1  eval Σ e1  eval Σ e2.
  Proof. intros He. by rewrite !eval_flatten He. Qed.

  Fixpoint prune (e : expr) : expr :=
    match e with
    | ETrue => ETrue
    | EVar n => EVar n
    | ESep e1 e2 =>
       match prune e1, prune e2 with
       | ETrue, e2' => e2'
       | e1', ETrue => e1'
       | e1', e2' => ESep e1' e2'
       end
    end.
  Lemma flatten_prune e : flatten (prune e) = flatten e.
  Proof.
    induction e as [| |e1 IH1 e2 IH2]; simplify_eq/=; auto.
    rewrite -IH1 -IH2. by repeat case_match; rewrite ?right_id_L.
  Qed.
  Lemma prune_correct Σ e : eval Σ (prune e)  eval Σ e.
  Proof. by rewrite !eval_flatten flatten_prune. Qed.

  Fixpoint cancel_go (n : nat) (e : expr) : option expr :=
    match e with
    | ETrue => None
    | EVar n' => if decide (n = n') then Some ETrue else None
    | ESep e1 e2 => 
       match cancel_go n e1 with
       | Some e1' => Some (ESep e1' e2)
       | None => ESep e1 <$> cancel_go n e2
       end
    end.
70 71
  Definition cancel (ns : list nat) (e: expr) : option expr :=
    prune <$> fold_right (mbind  cancel_go) (Some e) ns.
72 73 74 75 76
  Lemma flatten_cancel_go e e' n :
    cancel_go n e = Some e'  flatten e  n :: flatten e'.
  Proof.
    revert e'; induction e as [| |e1 IH1 e2 IH2]; intros;
      repeat (simplify_option_eq || case_match); auto.
77 78
    - by rewrite IH1 //.
    - by rewrite IH2 // Permutation_middle.
79
  Qed.
80 81
  Lemma flatten_cancel e e' ns :
    cancel ns e = Some e'  flatten e  ns ++ flatten e'.
82
  Proof.
83 84 85
    rewrite /cancel fmap_Some=> -[{e'}e' [He ->]]; rewrite flatten_prune.
    revert e' He; induction ns as [|n ns IH]=> e' He; simplify_option_eq; auto.
    rewrite Permutation_middle -flatten_cancel_go //; eauto.
86
  Qed.
87 88
  Lemma cancel_entails Σ e1 e2 e1' e2' ns :
    cancel ns e1 = Some e1'  cancel ns e2 = Some e2' 
89 90 91
    eval Σ e1'  eval Σ e2'  eval Σ e1  eval Σ e2.
  Proof.
    intros ??. rewrite !eval_flatten.
92
    rewrite (flatten_cancel e1 e1' ns) // (flatten_cancel e2 e2' ns) //; csimpl.
93
    rewrite !fmap_app !big_sep_app. apply sep_mono_r.
94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101
  Qed.

  Class Quote (Σ1 Σ2 : list (uPred M)) (P : uPred M) (e : expr) := {}.
  Global Instance quote_True Σ : Quote Σ Σ True ETrue.
  Global Instance quote_var Σ1 Σ2 P i:
    rlist.QuoteLookup Σ1 Σ2 P i  Quote Σ1 Σ2 P (EVar i) | 1000.
  Global Instance quote_sep Σ1 Σ2 Σ3 P1 P2 e1 e2 :
    Quote Σ1 Σ2 P1 e1  Quote Σ2 Σ3 P2 e2  Quote Σ1 Σ3 (P1  P2) (ESep e1 e2).
102 103 104 105 106 107 108

  Class QuoteArgs (Σ: list (uPred M)) (Ps: list (uPred M)) (ns: list nat) := {}.
  Global Instance quote_args_nil Σ : QuoteArgs Σ nil nil.
  Global Instance quote_args_cons Σ Ps P ns n :
    rlist.QuoteLookup Σ Σ P n 
    QuoteArgs Σ Ps ns  QuoteArgs Σ (P :: Ps) (n :: ns).

109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
  End upred_reflection.

  Ltac quote :=
    match goal with
    | |- ?P1  ?P2 =>
      lazymatch type of (_ : Quote [] _ P1 _) with Quote _ ?Σ2 _ ?e1 =>
      lazymatch type of (_ : Quote Σ2 _ P2 _) with Quote _ ?Σ3 _ ?e2 =>
        change (eval Σ3 e1  eval Σ3 e2)
      end end
    end.
End upred_reflection.

121 122 123 124
Tactic Notation "solve_sep_entails" :=
  upred_reflection.quote; apply upred_reflection.flatten_entails;
  apply (bool_decide_unpack _); vm_compute; exact Logic.I.

125
Tactic Notation "cancel" constr(Ps) :=
126 127 128
  upred_reflection.quote;
  match goal with
  | |- upred_reflection.eval ?Σ _  upred_reflection.eval _ _ =>
129 130 131 132 133
     lazymatch type of (_ : upred_reflection.QuoteArgs Σ Ps _) with
       upred_reflection.QuoteArgs _ _ ?ns' =>
       eapply upred_reflection.cancel_entails with (ns:=ns');
        [cbv; reflexivity|cbv; reflexivity|simpl]
     end
134
  end.
135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147

Tactic Notation "ecancel" open_constr(Ps) :=
  let rec close Ps Qs tac :=
    lazymatch Ps with
    | [] => tac Qs
    | ?P :: ?Ps =>
      find_pat P ltac:(fun Q => close Ps (Q :: Qs) tac)
    end
  in
    lazymatch goal with
    | |- @uPred_entails ?M _ _ =>
       close Ps (@nil (uPred M)) ltac:(fun Qs => cancel Qs)
    end. 
148

149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157
(** [to_front [P1, P2, ..]] rewrites in the premise of ⊑ such that
    the assumptions P1, P2, ... appear at the front, in that order. *)
Tactic Notation "to_front" open_constr(Ps) :=
  let rec tofront Ps :=
    lazymatch eval hnf in Ps with
    | [] => idtac
    | ?P :: ?Ps =>
      rewrite ?(assoc ()%I);
      match goal with
158
      | |- (?Q  _)%I  _ => (* check if it is already at front. *)
159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185
        unify P Q with typeclass_instances
      | |- _ => find_pat P ltac:(fun P => rewrite {1}[(_  P)%I]comm)
      end;
      tofront Ps
    end
  in
  rewrite [X in _  X]lock;
  tofront (rev Ps);
  rewrite -[X in _  X]lock.

(** [sep_split] is used to introduce a (★).
    Use [sep_split left: [P1, P2, ...]] to define which assertions will be
    taken to the left; the rest will be available on the right.
    [sep_split right: [P1, P2, ...]] works the other way around. *)
(* TODO: These tactics fail if the list contains *all* assumptions.
   However, in these cases using the "other" variant with the emtpy list
   is much more convenient anyway. *)
(* TODO: These tactics are pretty slow, can we use the reflection stuff
   above to speed them up? *)
Tactic Notation "sep_split" "right:" open_constr(Ps) :=
  match goal with
  | |- ?P  _ =>
    let iProp := type of P in (* ascribe a type to the list, to prevent evars from appearing *)
    lazymatch eval hnf in (Ps : list iProp) with
    | [] => apply sep_intro_True_r
    | ?P :: ?Ps =>
      to_front (P::Ps);
186 187
      (* Run assoc length (Ps) times -- that is 1 - length(original Ps),
         and it will turn the goal in just the right shape for sep_mono. *)
188 189 190
      let rec nassoc Ps :=
          lazymatch eval hnf in Ps with
          | [] => idtac
191
          | _ :: ?Ps => rewrite (assoc ()%I); nassoc Ps
192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205
          end in
      rewrite [X in _  X]lock -?(assoc ()%I);
      nassoc Ps; rewrite [X in X  _]comm -[X in _  X]lock;
      apply sep_mono
   end
  end.
Tactic Notation "sep_split" "left:" open_constr(Ps) :=
  match goal with
  | |- ?P  _ =>
    let iProp := type of P in (* ascribe a type to the list, to prevent evars from appearing *)
    lazymatch eval hnf in (Ps : list iProp) with
    | [] => apply sep_intro_True_l
    | ?P :: ?Ps =>
      to_front (P::Ps);
206 207
      (* Run assoc length (Ps) times -- that is 1 - length(original Ps),
         and it will turn the goal in just the right shape for sep_mono. *)
208 209 210
      let rec nassoc Ps :=
          lazymatch eval hnf in Ps with
          | [] => idtac
211
          | _ :: ?Ps => rewrite (assoc ()%I); nassoc Ps
212 213 214 215 216 217 218
          end in
      rewrite [X in _  X]lock -?(assoc ()%I);
      nassoc Ps; rewrite -[X in _  X]lock;
      apply sep_mono
   end
  end.

219 220 221
(** Assumes a goal of the shape P ⊑ ▷ Q. Alterantively, if Q
    is built of ★, ∧, ∨ with ▷ in all branches; that will work, too.
    Will turn this goal into P ⊑ Q and strip ▷ in P below ★, ∧, ∨. *)
222
Ltac strip_later :=
223
  let rec strip :=
224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236
    lazymatch goal with
    | |- (_  _)   _  =>
      etrans; last (eapply equiv_entails_sym, later_sep);
      apply sep_mono; strip
    | |- (_  _)   _  =>
      etrans; last (eapply equiv_entails_sym, later_and);
      apply sep_mono; strip
    | |- (_  _)   _  =>
      etrans; last (eapply equiv_entails_sym, later_or);
      apply sep_mono; strip
    | |-  _   _ => apply later_mono; reflexivity
    | |- _   _ => apply later_intro; reflexivity
    end
237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253
  in let rec shape_Q :=
    lazymatch goal with
    | |- _  (_  _) =>
      (* Force the later on the LHS to be top-level, matching laters
         below ★ on the RHS *)
      etrans; first (apply equiv_entails, later_sep; reflexivity);
      (* Match the arm recursively *)
      apply sep_mono; shape_Q
    | |- _  (_  _) =>
      etrans; first (apply equiv_entails, later_and; reflexivity);
      apply sep_mono; shape_Q
    | |- _  (_  _) =>
      etrans; first (apply equiv_entails, later_or; reflexivity);
      apply sep_mono; shape_Q
    | |- _   _ => apply later_mono; reflexivity
    (* We fail if we don't find laters in all branches. *)
    end
254
  in intros_revert ltac:(etrans; [|shape_Q];
255 256 257 258 259
                         etrans; last eapply later_mono; first solve [ strip ]).

(** Transforms a goal of the form ∀ ..., ?0... → ?1 ⊑ ?2
    into True ⊑ ∀..., ■?0... → ?1 → ?2, applies tac, and
    the moves all the assumptions back. *)
260 261
(* TODO: this name may be a big too general *)
Ltac revert_all :=
262
  lazymatch goal with
263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270
  | |-  _, _ =>
    let H := fresh in intro H; revert_all;
    (* TODO: Really, we should distinguish based on whether this is a
    dependent function type or not. Right now, we distinguish based
    on the sort of the argument, which is suboptimal. *)
    first [ apply (const_intro_impl _ _ _ H); clear H
          | revert H; apply forall_elim']
  | |- _  _ => apply impl_entails
271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278
  end.

(** This starts on a goal of the form ∀ ..., ?0... → ?1 ⊑ ?2.
   It applies löb where all the Coq assumptions have been turned into logical
   assumptions, then moves all the Coq assumptions back out to the context,
   applies [tac] on the goal (now of the form _ ⊑ _), and then reverts the
   Coq assumption so that we end up with the same shape as where we started,
   but with an additional assumption ★-ed to the context *)
279 280
Ltac löb tac :=
  revert_all;
281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290
  (* Add a box *)
  etrans; last (eapply always_elim; reflexivity);
  (* We now have a goal for the form True ⊑ P, with the "original" conclusion
     being locked. *)
  apply löb_strong; etransitivity;
    first (apply equiv_entails, left_id, _; reflexivity);
  apply: always_intro;
  (* Now introduce again all the things that we reverted, and at the bottom,
     do the work *)
  let rec go :=
291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301
    lazymatch goal with
    | |- _  ( _, _) =>
      apply forall_intro; let H := fresh in intro H; go; revert H
    | |- _  ( _  _) =>
      apply impl_intro_l, const_elim_l; let H := fresh in intro H; go; revert H
    (* This is the "bottom" of the goal, where we see the impl introduced
       by uPred_revert_all as well as the ▷ from löb_strong and the □ we added. *)
    | |-   ?R  (?L  _) => apply impl_intro_l;
      trans (L    R)%I;
        [eapply equiv_entails, always_and_sep_r, _; reflexivity | tac]
    end
302
  in go.