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examples
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a66aa086
Commit
a66aa086
authored
Apr 24, 2018
by
Aleš Bizjak
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Merge branch 'ales/lecturenotesexamples' into 'master'
Add more examples from the lecture notes. See merge request FP/irisexamples!6
parents
e146b872
955aa2d2
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_CoqProject
_CoqProject
+8
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theories/lecture_notes/ccounter.v
theories/lecture_notes/ccounter.v
+131
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theories/lecture_notes/lists.v
theories/lecture_notes/lists.v
+506
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theories/lecture_notes/lists_guarded.v
theories/lecture_notes/lists_guarded.v
+88
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theories/lecture_notes/lock.v
theories/lecture_notes/lock.v
+132
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theories/lecture_notes/lock_unary_spec.v
theories/lecture_notes/lock_unary_spec.v
+245
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theories/lecture_notes/modular_incr.v
theories/lecture_notes/modular_incr.v
+290
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theories/lecture_notes/recursion_through_the_store.v
theories/lecture_notes/recursion_through_the_store.v
+214
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theories/lecture_notes/stack.v
theories/lecture_notes/stack.v
+233
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No files found.
_CoqProject
View file @
a66aa086
...
...
@@ 9,6 +9,14 @@ theories/barrier/example_joining_existentials.v
theories/lecture_notes/coq_intro_example_1.v
theories/lecture_notes/coq_intro_example_2.v
theories/lecture_notes/lists.v
theories/lecture_notes/lists_guarded.v
theories/lecture_notes/lock.v
theories/lecture_notes/lock_unary_spec.v
theories/lecture_notes/modular_incr.v
theories/lecture_notes/recursion_through_the_store.v
theories/lecture_notes/stack.v
theories/lecture_notes/ccounter.v
theories/spanning_tree/graph.v
theories/spanning_tree/mon.v
...
...
theories/lecture_notes/ccounter.v
0 → 100644
View file @
a66aa086
(* Counter with contributions. A specification derived from the modular
specification proved in modular_incr module. *)
From
iris
.
program_logic
Require
Export
weakestpre
.
From
iris
.
heap_lang
Require
Export
lang
proofmode
notation
.
From
iris
.
proofmode
Require
Import
tactics
.
From
iris
.
algebra
Require
Import
frac_auth
.
From
iris_examples
.
lecture_notes
Require
Import
modular_incr
.
Class
ccounterG
Σ
:
=
CCounterG
{
ccounter_inG
:
>
inG
Σ
(
frac_authR
natR
)
}.
Definition
ccounter
Σ
:
gFunctors
:
=
#[
GFunctor
(
frac_authR
natR
)].
Instance
subG_ccounter
Σ
{
Σ
}
:
subG
ccounter
Σ
Σ
→
ccounterG
Σ
.
Proof
.
solve_inG
.
Qed
.
Section
ccounter
.
Context
`
{!
heapG
Σ
,
!
cntG
Σ
,
!
ccounterG
Σ
}
(
N
:
namespace
).
Lemma
ccounterRA_valid
(
m
n
:
natR
)
(
q
:
frac
)
:
✓
(
●
!
m
⋅
◯
!{
q
}
n
)
→
(
n
≤
m
)%
nat
.
Proof
.
intros
?.
(* This property follows directly from the generic properties of the relevant RAs. *)
by
apply
nat_included
,
(
frac_auth_included_total
q
).
Qed
.
Lemma
ccounterRA_valid_full
(
m
n
:
natR
)
:
✓
(
●
!
m
⋅
◯
!
n
)
→
(
n
=
m
)%
nat
.
Proof
.
by
intros
?%
frac_auth_agree
.
Qed
.
Lemma
ccounterRA_update
(
m
n
:
natR
)
(
q
:
frac
)
:
(
●
!
m
⋅
◯
!{
q
}
n
)
~~>
(
●
!
(
S
m
)
⋅
◯
!{
q
}
(
S
n
)).
Proof
.
apply
frac_auth_update
,
(
nat_local_update
_
_
(
S
_
)
(
S
_
)).
lia
.
Qed
.
Definition
ccounter_inv
(
γ₁
γ₂
:
gname
)
:
iProp
Σ
:
=
(
∃
n
,
own
γ₁
(
●
!
n
)
∗
γ₂
⤇½
(
Z
.
of_nat
n
))%
I
.
Definition
is_ccounter
(
γ₁
γ₂
:
gname
)
(
l
:
loc
)
(
q
:
frac
)
(
n
:
natR
)
:
iProp
Σ
:
=
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!{
q
}
n
)
∗
inv
(
N
.@
"counter"
)
(
ccounter_inv
γ₁
γ₂
)
∗
Cnt
N
l
γ₂
)%
I
.
(** The main proofs. *)
Lemma
is_ccounter_op
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q1
q2
(
n1
n2
:
nat
)
:
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
(
q1
+
q2
)
(
n1
+
n2
)%
nat
⊣
⊢
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q1
n1
∗
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q2
n2
.
Proof
.
apply
uPred
.
equiv_spec
;
split
;
rewrite
/
is_ccounter
frag_auth_op
own_op
.

iIntros
"[? #?]"
.
iFrame
"#"
;
iFrame
.

iIntros
"[[? #?] [? _]]"
.
iFrame
"#"
;
iFrame
.
Qed
.
Lemma
newcounter_contrib_spec
(
R
:
iProp
Σ
)
m
:
{{{
True
}}}
newcounter
#
m
{{{
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
,
RET
#
ℓ
;
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
1
m
%
nat
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
Φ
)
"_ HΦ"
.
rewrite

wp_fupd
.
wp_apply
newcounter_spec
;
auto
.
iIntros
(
ℓ
)
"H"
;
iDestruct
"H"
as
(
γ₂
)
"[#HCnt Hown]"
.
iMod
(
own_alloc
(
●
!
m
%
nat
⋅
◯
!
m
%
nat
))
as
(
γ₁
)
"[Hγ Hγ']"
;
first
done
.
iMod
(
inv_alloc
(
N
.@
"counter"
)
_
(
ccounter_inv
γ₁
γ₂
)
with
"[Hγ Hown]"
).
{
iNext
.
iExists
_
.
by
iFrame
.
}
iModIntro
.
iApply
"HΦ"
.
rewrite
/
is_ccounter
;
eauto
.
Qed
.
Lemma
incr_contrib_spec
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q
n
:
{{{
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q
n
}}}
incr
#
ℓ
{{{
(
y
:
Z
),
RET
#
y
;
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q
(
S
n
)
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
Φ
)
"[Hown #[Hinv HCnt]] HΦ"
.
iApply
(
incr_spec
N
γ₂
_
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!{
q
}
n
))%
I
(
λ
_
,
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!{
q
}
(
S
n
))))%
I
with
"[] [Hown]"
)
;
first
set_solver
.

iIntros
(
m
)
"!# [HOwnElem HP]"
.
iInv
(
N
.@
"counter"
)
as
(
k
)
"[>H1 >H2]"
"HClose"
.
iDestruct
(
makeElem_eq
with
"HOwnElem H2"
)
as
%>.
iMod
(
makeElem_update
_
_
_
(
k
+
1
)
with
"HOwnElem H2"
)
as
"[HOwnElem H2]"
.
iMod
(
own_update_2
with
"H1 HP"
)
as
"[H1 HP]"
.
{
apply
ccounterRA_update
.
}
iMod
(
"HClose"
with
"[H1 H2]"
)
as
"_"
.
{
iNext
;
iExists
(
S
k
)
;
iFrame
.
rewrite
Nat2Z
.
inj_succ
Z
.
add_1_r
//.
}
by
iFrame
.

by
iFrame
.

iNext
.
iIntros
(
m
)
"[HCnt' Hown]"
.
iApply
"HΦ"
.
by
iFrame
.
Qed
.
Lemma
read_contrib_spec
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q
n
:
{{{
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q
n
}}}
read
#
ℓ
{{{
(
c
:
Z
),
RET
#
c
;
⌜
Z
.
of_nat
n
≤
c
⌝
∧
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
q
n
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
Φ
)
"[Hown #[Hinv HCnt]] HΦ"
.
wp_apply
(
read_spec
N
γ₂
_
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!{
q
}
n
))%
I
(
λ
m
,
⌜
n
≤
m
⌝
∗
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!{
q
}
n
)))%
I
with
"[] [Hown]"
)
;
first
set_solver
.

iIntros
(
m
)
"!# [HownE HOwnfrag]"
.
iInv
(
N
.@
"counter"
)
as
(
k
)
"[>H1 >H2]"
"HClose"
.
iDestruct
(
makeElem_eq
with
"HownE H2"
)
as
%>.
iDestruct
(
own_valid_2
with
"H1 HOwnfrag"
)
as
%
Hleq
%
ccounterRA_valid
.
iMod
(
"HClose"
with
"[H1 H2]"
)
as
"_"
.
{
iExists
_;
by
iFrame
.
}
iFrame
;
iIntros
"!>!%"
.
auto
using
inj_le
.

by
iFrame
.

iIntros
(
i
)
"[_ [% HQ]]"
.
iApply
"HΦ"
.
iSplit
;
first
by
iIntros
"!%"
.
iFrame
;
iFrame
"#"
.
Qed
.
Lemma
read_contrib_spec_1
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
n
:
{{{
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
1
%
Qp
n
}}}
read
#
ℓ
{{{
RET
#
n
;
is_ccounter
γ₁
γ₂
ℓ
1
n
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
Φ
)
"[Hown #[Hinv HCnt]] HΦ"
.
wp_apply
(
read_spec
N
γ₂
_
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!
n
))%
I
(
λ
m
,
⌜
Z
.
of_nat
n
=
m
⌝
∗
(
own
γ₁
(
◯
!
n
)))%
I
with
"[] [Hown]"
)
;
first
set_solver
.

iIntros
(
m
)
"!# [HownE HOwnfrag]"
.
iInv
(
N
.@
"counter"
)
as
(
k
)
"[>H1 >H2]"
"HClose"
.
iDestruct
(
makeElem_eq
with
"HownE H2"
)
as
%>.
iDestruct
(
own_valid_2
with
"H1 HOwnfrag"
)
as
%
Hleq
%
ccounterRA_valid_full
;
simplify_eq
.
iMod
(
"HClose"
with
"[H1 H2]"
)
as
"_"
.
{
iExists
_;
by
iFrame
.
}
iFrame
;
by
iIntros
"!>!%"
.

by
iFrame
.

iIntros
(
i
)
"[_ [% HQ]]"
.
simplify_eq
.
iApply
"HΦ"
.
iFrame
;
iFrame
"#"
.
Qed
.
End
ccounter
.
\ No newline at end of file
theories/lecture_notes/lists.v
0 → 100644
View file @
a66aa086
(* In this file we explain how to do the "list examples" from the
Chapter on Separation Logic for Sequential Programs in the
Iris Lecture Notes *)
(* Contains definitions of the weakest precondition assertion, and its basic rules. *)
From
iris
.
program_logic
Require
Export
weakestpre
.
(* Instantiation of Iris with the particular language. The notation file
contains many shorthand notations for the programming language constructs, and
the lang file contains the actual language syntax. *)
From
iris
.
heap_lang
Require
Export
notation
lang
.
(* Files related to the interactive proof mode. The first import includes the
general tactics of the proof mode. The second provides some more specialized
tactics particular to the instantiation of Iris to a particular programming
language. *)
From
iris
.
proofmode
Require
Export
tactics
.
From
iris
.
heap_lang
Require
Import
proofmode
.
(* The following line makes Coq check that we do not use any admitted facts /
additional assumptions not in the statement of the theorems being proved. *)
Set
Default
Proof
Using
"Type"
.
(*  *)
Section
list_model
.
(* This section contains the definition of our model of lists, i.e.,
definitions relating pointer data structures to our model, which is
simply mathematical sequences (Coq lists). *)
(* In order to do the proof we need to assume certain things about the
instantiation of Iris. The particular, even the heap is handled in an
analogous way as other ghost state. This line states that we assume the
Iris instantiation has sufficient structure to manipulate the heap, e.g.,
it allows us to use the pointsto predicate. *)
Context
`
{!
heapG
Σ
}.
Implicit
Types
l
:
loc
.
(* The variable Σ has to do with what ghost state is available, and the type
of Iris propositions (written Prop in the lecture notes) depends on this Σ.
But since Σ is the same throughout the development we shall define
shorthand notation which hides it. *)
Notation
iProp
:
=
(
iProp
Σ
).
(* Here is the basic is_list representation predicate:
is_list hd xs holds if hd points to a linked list consisting of
the elements in the mathematical sequence (Coq list) xs.
*)
Fixpoint
is_list
(
hd
:
val
)
(
xs
:
list
val
)
:
iProp
:
=
match
xs
with

[]
=>
⌜
hd
=
NONEV
⌝

x
::
xs
=>
∃
l
hd'
,
⌜
hd
=
SOMEV
#
l
⌝
∗
l
↦
(
x
,
hd'
)
∗
is_list
hd'
xs
end
%
I
.
(* The following predicate
is_listP P hd xs
holds if hd points to a linked list consisting of the elements in xs and
each of those elements satisfy P.
*)
Fixpoint
is_listP
P
(
hd
:
val
)
(
xs
:
list
val
)
:
iProp
:
=
match
xs
with

[]
=>
⌜
hd
=
NONEV
⌝

x
::
xs
=>
∃
l
hd'
,
⌜
hd
=
SOMEV
#
l
⌝
∗
l
↦
(
x
,
hd'
)
∗
is_listP
P
hd'
xs
∗
P
x
end
%
I
.
(* about_isList expresses how is_listP P hd xs can be seen as a combination of the
basic is_list predicate and the property that P holds for all the elements in xs.
*)
Lemma
about_isList
P
hd
xs
:
is_listP
P
hd
xs
⊣
⊢
is_list
hd
xs
∗
[
∗
list
]
x
∈
xs
,
P
x
.
Proof
.
generalize
dependent
hd
.
induction
xs
as
[
x
xs'
]
;
simpl
;
intros
hd
;
iSplit
.

eauto
.

by
iIntros
"(? & _)"
.

iDestruct
1
as
(
l
hd'
)
"(? & ? & H & ?)"
.
rewrite
IHxs'
.
iDestruct
"H"
as
"(H_isListxs' & ?)"
.
iFrame
.
iExists
l
,
hd'
.
iFrame
.

iDestruct
1
as
"(H_isList & ? & H)"
.
iDestruct
"H_isList"
as
(
l
hd'
)
"(? & ? & ?)"
.
iExists
l
,
hd'
.
rewrite
IHxs'
.
iFrame
.
Qed
.
(* The predicate
is_list_nat hd xs
holds if hd is a pointer to a linked list of numbers (integers).
*)
Fixpoint
is_list_nat
(
hd
:
val
)
(
xs
:
list
Z
)
:
iProp
:
=
match
xs
with

[]
=>
⌜
hd
=
NONEV
⌝

x
::
xs
=>
∃
l
hd'
,
⌜
hd
=
SOMEV
#
l
⌝
∗
l
↦
(#
x
,
hd'
)
∗
is_list_nat
hd'
xs
end
%
I
.
(* The reverse function on Coq lists is defined in the Coq library. *)
Definition
reverse
(
l
:
list
val
)
:
=
List
.
rev
l
.
Definition
inj
{
A
B
:
Type
}
(
f
:
A
>
B
)
:
Prop
:
=
forall
(
x
y
:
A
),
f
x
=
f
y
>
x
=
y
.
Lemma
map_injective
{
A
B
:
Type
}
:
forall
xs
ys
(
f
:
A
>
B
),
inj
f
>
map
f
xs
=
map
f
ys
>
xs
=
ys
.
Proof
.
induction
xs
;
intros
ys
f
H_f
H_map
.

symmetry
in
H_map
.
by
apply
map_eq_nil
in
H_map
.

destruct
ys
.
+
by
apply
map_eq_nil
in
H_map
.
+
specialize
(
IHxs
ys
f
).
inversion
H_map
as
[
H_a
].
rewrite
>
IHxs
;
try
done
.
apply
H_f
in
H_a
.
by
rewrite
H_a
.
Qed
.
End
list_model
.
(*  *)
Section
list_code
.
(* This section contains the code of the list functions we specify *)
(* Function inc hd assumes all values in the linked list pointed to by hd
are numbers and increments them by 1, inplace *)
Definition
inc
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"inc"
"hd"
:
=
match
:
"hd"
with
NONE
=>
#()

SOME
"l"
=>
let
:
"tmp1"
:
=
Fst
!
"l"
in
let
:
"tmp2"
:
=
Snd
!
"l"
in
"l"
<
((
"tmp1"
+
#
1
),
"tmp2"
)
;;
"inc"
"tmp2"
end
.
(* Function app l l' appends linked list l' to end of linked list l *)
Definition
app
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"app"
"l"
"l'"
:
=
match
:
"l"
with
NONE
=>
"l'"

SOME
"hd"
=>
let
:
"tmp1"
:
=
!
"hd"
in
let
:
"tmp2"
:
=
"app"
(
Snd
"tmp1"
)
"l'"
in
"hd"
<
((
Fst
"tmp1"
),
"tmp2"
)
;;
"l"
end
.
(* Function rev l acc reverses all the pointers in linked list l and stiches
the accumulator argument acc at the end *)
Definition
rev
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"rev"
"l"
"acc"
:
=
match
:
"l"
with
NONE
=>
"acc"

SOME
"p"
=>
let
:
"h"
:
=
Fst
!
"p"
in
let
:
"t"
:
=
Snd
!
"p"
in
"p"
<
(
"h"
,
"acc"
)
;;
"rev"
"t"
"l"
end
.
(* Function len l returns the lenght of linked list l *)
Definition
len
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"len"
"l"
:
=
match
:
"l"
with
NONE
=>
#
0

SOME
"p"
=>
(
"len"
(
Snd
!
"p"
)
+
#
1
)
end
.
(* Function foldr f a l is the usual fold right function for linked list l, with
base value a and combination function f *)
Definition
foldr
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"foldr"
"f"
"a"
"l"
:
=
match
:
"l"
with
NONE
=>
"a"

SOME
"p"
=>
let
:
"hd"
:
=
Fst
!
"p"
in
let
:
"t"
:
=
Snd
!
"p"
in
"f"
(
"hd"
,
(
"foldr"
"f"
"a"
"t"
))
end
.
(* sum_list l returns the sum of the list of numbers in linked list l,
implemented by call to foldr *)
Definition
sum_list
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"sum_list"
"l"
:
=
let
:
"f'"
:
=
(
λ
:
"p"
,
let
:
"x"
:
=
Fst
"p"
in
let
:
"y"
:
=
Snd
"p"
in
"x"
+
"y"
)
in
(
foldr
"f'"
#
0
"l"
).
Definition
cons
:
val
:
=
(
λ
:
"x"
"xs"
,
let
:
"p"
:
=
(
"x"
,
"xs"
)
in
SOME
(
Alloc
(
"p"
))).
Definition
empty_list
:
val
:
=
NONEV
.
(* filter prop l is the usual filter function on linked lists, prop is supposed
to be a function from values to booleans. Implemented using foldr. *)
Definition
filter
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"filter"
"prop"
"l"
:
=
let
:
"f"
:
=
(
λ
:
"p"
,
let
:
"x"
:
=
Fst
"p"
in
let
:
"xs"
:
=
Snd
"p"
in
if
:
(
"prop"
"x"
)
then
(
cons
"x"
"xs"
)
else
"xs"
)
in
(
foldr
"f"
empty_list
"l"
).
(* map_list f l is the usual map function on linked lists with f the function
to be mapped over the list l. Implemented using foldr. *)
Definition
map_list
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"map_list"
"f"
"l"
:
=
let
:
"f'"
:
=
(
λ
:
"p"
,
let
:
"x"
:
=
Fst
"p"
in
let
:
"xs"
:
=
Snd
"p"
in
(
cons
(
"f"
"x"
)
"xs"
))
in
(
foldr
"f'"
empty_list
"l"
).
(* incr l is another variant of the increment function on linked lists, implemented using map. *)
Definition
incr
:
val
:
=
rec
:
"incr"
"l"
:
=
map_list
(
λ
:
"n"
,
"n"
+
#
1
)%
I
"l"
.
End
list_code
.
(*  *)
Section
list_spec
.
(* This section contains the specifications and proofs for the list functions.
The specifications and proofs are explained in the Iris Lecture Notes
*)
Context
`
{!
heapG
Σ
}.
Lemma
inc_spec
hd
xs
:
{{{
is_list_nat
hd
xs
}}}
inc
hd
{{{
w
,
RET
w
;
⌜
w
=
#()
⌝
∗
is_list_nat
hd
(
List
.
map
Z
.
succ
xs
)
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"Hxs H"
.
iL
ö
b
as
"IH"
forall
(
hd
xs
ϕ
).
wp_rec
.
destruct
xs
as
[
x
xs
]
;
iSimplifyEq
.

wp_match
.
iApply
"H"
.
done
.

iDestruct
"Hxs"
as
(
l
hd'
)
"(% & Hx & Hxs)"
.
iSimplifyEq
.
wp_match
.
do
2
(
wp_load
;
wp_proj
;
wp_let
).
wp_op
.
wp_store
.
iApply
(
"IH"
with
"Hxs"
).
iNext
.
iIntros
(
w
)
"H'"
.
iApply
"H"
.
iDestruct
"H'"
as
"[Hw Hislist]"
.
iFrame
.
iExists
l
,
hd'
.
iFrame
.
done
.
Qed
.
Lemma
app_spec
xs
ys
(
l
l'
:
val
)
:
{{{
is_list
l
xs
∗
is_list
l'
ys
}}}
app
l
l'
{{{
v
,
RET
v
;
is_list
v
(
xs
++
ys
)
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"[Hxs Hys] H"
.
iL
ö
b
as
"IH"
forall
(
l
xs
l'
ys
ϕ
).
destruct
xs
as
[
x
xs'
]
;
iSimplifyEq
.

wp_rec
.
wp_let
.
wp_match
.
iApply
"H"
.
done
.

iDestruct
"Hxs"
as
(
l0
hd0
)
"(% & Hx & Hxs)"
.
iSimplifyEq
.
wp_rec
.
wp_let
.
wp_match
.
wp_load
.
wp_let
.
wp_proj
.
wp_bind
(
app
_
_
)%
E
.
iApply
(
"IH"
with
"Hxs Hys"
).
iNext
.
iIntros
.
wp_let
.
wp_proj
.
wp_store
.
iSimplifyEq
.
iApply
"H"
.
iExists
l0
,
v
.
iFrame
.
done
.
Qed
.
Lemma
rev_spec
vs
us
(
l
acc
:
val
)
:
{{{
is_list
l
vs
∗
is_list
acc
us
}}}
rev
l
acc
{{{
w
,
RET
w
;
is_list
w
(
reverse
vs
++
us
)
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"[H1 H2] HL"
.
iInduction
vs
as
[
v
vs'
]
"IH"
forall
(
acc
l
us
).

iSimplifyEq
.
wp_rec
.
wp_let
.
wp_match
.
iApply
"HL"
.
done
.

simpl
.
iDestruct
"H1"
as
(
l'
t
)
"(% & H3 & H1)"
.
wp_rec
.
wp_let
.
rewrite
>
H
at
1
.
wp_match
.
do
2
(
wp_load
;
wp_proj
;
wp_let
).
wp_store
.
iSpecialize
(
"IH"
$!
l
t
([
v
]
++
us
)).
iApply
(
"IH"
with
"[H1] [H3 H2]"
).
+
done
.
+
simpl
.
iExists
l'
,
acc
.
iFrame
.
done
.
+
iNext
.
rewrite
>
app_assoc
.
done
.
Qed
.
Lemma
len_spec
(
l
:
val
)
xs
:
{{{
is_list
l
xs
}}}
len
l
{{{
v
,
RET
v
;
⌜
v
=
#(
length
xs
)
⌝
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"Hl H"
.
iInduction
xs
as
[
x
xs'
]
"IH"
forall
(
l
ϕ
)
;
iSimplifyEq
.

wp_rec
.
wp_match
.
iApply
"H"
.
done
.

iDestruct
"Hl"
as
(
p
hd'
)
"(% & Hp & Hhd')"
.
wp_rec
.
iSimplifyEq
.
wp_match
.
wp_load
.
wp_proj
.
wp_bind
(
len
hd'
)%
I
.
iApply
(
"IH"
with
"[Hhd'] [Hp H]"
)
;
try
done
.
iNext
.
iIntros
.
iSimplifyEq
.
wp_op
.
iApply
"H"
.
iPureIntro
.
rewrite
Zpos_P_of_succ_nat
.
done
.
Qed
.
(* The following specifications for foldr are nontrivial because the code is higherorder
and hence the specifications involved nested triples.
The specifications are explained in the Iris Lecture Notes. *)
Lemma
foldr_spec_PI
P
I
(
f
a
hd
:
val
)
(
e_f
e_a
e_hd
:
expr
)
(
xs
:
list
val
)
`
{
Hef
:
!
IntoVal
e_f
f
}
`
{
Hea
:
!
IntoVal
e_a
a
}
`
{
Hehd
:
!
IntoVal
e_hd
hd
}
:
{{{
(
∀
(
x
a'
:
val
)
(
ys
:
list
val
),
{{{
P
x
∗
I
ys
a'
}}}
e_f
(
x
,
a'
)
{{{
r
,
RET
r
;
I
(
x
::
ys
)
r
}}})
∗
is_list
hd
xs
∗
([
∗
list
]
x
∈
xs
,
P
x
)
∗
I
[]
a
}}}
foldr
e_f
e_a
e_hd
{{{
r
,
RET
r
;
is_list
hd
xs
∗
I
xs
r
}}}.
Proof
.
apply
of_to_val
in
Hef
as
<.
apply
of_to_val
in
Hea
as
<.
apply
of_to_val
in
Hehd
as
<.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"(#H_f & H_isList & H_Px & H_Iempty) H_inv"
.
iInduction
xs
as
[
x
xs'
]
"IH"
forall
(
ϕ
a
hd
)
;
wp_rec
;
do
2
wp_let
;
iSimplifyEq
.

wp_match
.
iApply
"H_inv"
.
eauto
.

iDestruct
"H_isList"
as
(
l
hd'
)
"[% [H_l H_isList]]"
.
iSimplifyEq
.
wp_match
.
do
2
(
wp_load
;
wp_proj
;
wp_let
).
wp_bind
(((
foldr
f
)
a
)
hd'
).
iDestruct
"H_Px"
as
"(H_Px & H_Pxs')"
.
iApply
(
"IH"
with
"H_isList H_Pxs' H_Iempty [H_l H_Px H_inv]"
).
iNext
.
iIntros
(
r
)
"(H_isListxs' & H_Ixs')"
.
iApply
(
"H_f"
with
"[$H_Ixs' $H_Px] [H_inv H_isListxs' H_l]"
).
iNext
.
iIntros
(
r'
)
"H_inv'"
.
iApply
"H_inv"
.
iFrame
.
iExists
l
,
hd'
.
by
iFrame
.
Qed
.
Lemma
foldr_spec_PPI
P
I
(
f
a
hd
:
val
)
(
e_f
e_a
e_hd
:
expr
)
(
xs
:
list
val
)
`
{
Hef
:
!
IntoVal
e_f
f
}
`
{
Hea
:
!
IntoVal
e_a
a
}
`
{
Hehd
:
!
IntoVal
e_hd
hd
}
:
{{{
(
∀
(
x
a'
:
val
)
(
ys
:
list
val
),
{{{
P
x
∗
I
ys
a'
}}}
e_f
(
x
,
a'
)
{{{
r
,
RET
r
;
I
(
x
::
ys
)
r
}}})
∗
is_listP
P
hd
xs
∗
I
[]
a
}}}
foldr
e_f
e_a
e_hd
{{{
r
,
RET
r
;
is_listP
(
fun
x
=>
True
)
hd
xs
∗
I
xs
r
}}}.
Proof
.
apply
of_to_val
in
Hef
as
<.
apply
of_to_val
in
Hea
as
<.
apply
of_to_val
in
Hehd
as
<.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"(#H_f & H_isList & H_Iempty) H_inv"
.
rewrite
about_isList
.
iDestruct
"H_isList"
as
"(H_isList & H_Pxs)"
.
iApply
(
foldr_spec_PI
with
"[H_inv]"
).

iFrame
.
by
iFrame
"H_f"
.

iNext
.
iIntros
(
r
)
"(H_isList & H_Ixs)"
.
iApply
"H_inv"
.
iFrame
.
rewrite
about_isList
.
iFrame
.
by
rewrite
big_sepL_forall
.
Qed
.
Lemma
sum_spec
(
hd
:
val
)
(
xs
:
list
Z
)
:
{{{
is_list
hd
(
map
(
fun
(
n
:
Z
)
=>
#
n
)
xs
)}}}
sum_list
hd
{{{
v
,
RET
v
;
⌜
v
=
#
(
fold_right
Z
.
add
0
xs
)
⌝
}}}.
Proof
.
iIntros
(
ϕ
)
"H_is_list H_later"
.
wp_rec
.
wp_let
.
iApply
(
foldr_spec_PI
(
fun
x
=>
(
∃
(
n
:
Z
),
⌜
x
=
#
n
⌝
)%
I
)
(
fun
xs'
acc
=>
∃
ys
,
⌜
acc
=
#(
fold_right
Z
.
add
0
ys
)
⌝
∗
⌜
xs'
=
map
(
fun
(
n
:
Z
)
=>
#
n
)
ys
⌝
∗
([
∗
list
]
x
∈
xs'
,
∃
(
n'
:
Z
),
⌜
x
=
#
n'
⌝
))%
I
with
"[$H_is_list] [H_later]"
).

iSplitR
.
+
iIntros
(
x
a'
ys
).
iAlways
.
iIntros
(
ϕ
'
)
"(H1 & H2) H3"
.
do
5
(
wp_pure
_
).
iDestruct
"H2"
as
(
zs
)
"(% & % & H_list)"
.
iDestruct
"H1"
as
(
n2
)
"%"
.
iSimplifyEq
.
wp_binop
.
iApply
"H3"
.
iExists
(
n2
::
zs
).
repeat
(
iSplit
;
try
done
).
by
iExists
_
.
+
iSplit
.
*
induction
xs
;
iSimplifyEq
;
first
done
.
iSplit
;
[
iExists
a
;
done

apply
IHxs
].
*
iExists
[].
eauto
.

iNext
.
iIntros
(
r
)
"(H1 & H2)"
.
iApply
"H_later"
.
iDestruct
"H2"
as
(
ys
)
"(% & % & H_list)"
.
iSimplifyEq
.
rewrite
(
map_injective
xs
ys
(
λ
n
:
Z
,
#
n
))
;
try
done
.
unfold
inj
.
intros
x
y
H_xy
.
by
inversion
H_xy
.
Qed
.
Lemma
filter_spec
(
hd
p
:
val
)
(
xs
:
list
val
)
(
P
:
val
>
bool
)
:
{{{
is_list
hd
xs
∗
(
∀
x
:
val
,
{{{
True
}}}
p
x
{{{
r
,
RET
r
;
⌜
r
=
#(
P
x
)
⌝
}}})
}}}
filter
p
hd
{{{
v
,
RET
v
;
is_list
hd
xs
∗
is_list
v
(