Add LoadPath "../.." as rt.
Require Import rt.util.Vbase rt.util.lemmas rt.util.divround.
Require Import rt.model.basic.task rt.model.basic.job rt.model.basic.schedule
rt.model.basic.task_arrival rt.model.basic.response_time
rt.model.basic.workload rt.model.basic.schedulability.
Require Import ssreflect ssrbool eqtype ssrnat seq div fintype bigop path.
Module WorkloadBound.
Import Job SporadicTaskset Schedule ScheduleOfSporadicTask SporadicTaskArrival ResponseTime Schedulability Workload.
Section WorkloadBoundDef.
Context {sporadic_task: eqType}.
Variable task_cost: sporadic_task -> nat.
Variable task_period: sporadic_task -> nat.
Variable tsk: sporadic_task.
Variable R_tsk: time. (* Known response-time bound for the task *)
Variable delta: time. (* Length of the interval *)
(* Bound on the number of jobs that execute completely in the interval *)
Definition max_jobs :=
div_floor (delta + R_tsk - task_cost tsk) (task_period tsk).
(* Bertogna and Cirinei's bound on the workload of a task in an interval of length delta *)
Definition W :=
let e_k := (task_cost tsk) in
let p_k := (task_period tsk) in
minn e_k (delta + R_tsk - e_k - max_jobs * p_k) + max_jobs * e_k.
End WorkloadBoundDef.
Section BasicLemmas.
Context {sporadic_task: eqType}.
Variable task_cost: sporadic_task -> nat.
Variable task_period: sporadic_task -> nat.
(* Let tsk be any task...*)
Variable tsk: sporadic_task.
(* ...with period > 0. *)
Hypothesis H_period_positive: task_period tsk > 0.
(* Let R1 <= R2 be two response-time bounds that
are larger than the cost of the tsk. *)
Variable R1 R2: time.
Hypothesis H_R_lower_bound: R1 >= task_cost tsk.
Hypothesis H_R1_le_R2: R1 <= R2.
Let workload_bound := W task_cost task_period tsk.
(* Then, Bertogna and Cirinei's workload bound is monotonically increasing. *)
Lemma W_monotonic :
forall t1 t2,
t1 <= t2 ->
workload_bound R1 t1 <= workload_bound R2 t2.
Proof.
intros t1 t2 LEt.
unfold workload_bound, W, max_jobs, div_floor; rewrite 2!subndiv_eq_mod.
set e := task_cost tsk; set p := task_period tsk.
set x1 := t1 + R1.
set x2 := t2 + R2.
set delta := x2 - x1.
rewrite -[x2](addKn x1) -addnBA; fold delta;
last by apply leq_add.
induction delta; first by rewrite addn0 leqnn.
{
apply (leq_trans IHdelta).
(* Prove special case for p <= 1. *)
destruct (leqP p 1) as [LTp | GTp].
{
rewrite leq_eqVlt in LTp; move: LTp => /orP LTp; des;
last by rewrite ltnS in LTp; apply (leq_trans H_period_positive) in LTp.
{
move: LTp => /eqP LTp; rewrite LTp 2!modn1 2!divn1.
rewrite leq_add2l leq_mul2r; apply/orP; right.
by rewrite leq_sub2r // leq_add2l.
}
}
(* Harder case: p > 1. *)
{
assert (EQ: (x1 + delta.+1 - e) = (x1 + delta - e).+1).
{
rewrite -[(x1 + delta - e).+1]addn1.
rewrite [_+1]addnC addnBA; last first.
{
apply (leq_trans H_R_lower_bound).
by rewrite -addnA addnC -addnA leq_addr.
}
by rewrite [1 + _]addnC -addnA addn1.
} rewrite -> EQ in *; clear EQ.
have DIV := divSn_cases (x1 + delta - e) p GTp; des.
{
rewrite DIV leq_add2r leq_min; apply/andP; split;
first by rewrite geq_minl.
by apply leq_trans with (n := (x1 + delta - e) %% p);
[by rewrite geq_minr | by rewrite -DIV0 addn1 leqnSn].
}
{
rewrite -[minn e _]add0n -addnA; apply leq_add; first by ins.
rewrite -DIV mulnDl mul1n [_ + e]addnC.
by apply leq_add; [by rewrite geq_minl | by ins].
}
}
}
Qed.
End BasicLemmas.
Section ProofWorkloadBound.
Context {sporadic_task: eqType}.
Variable task_cost: sporadic_task -> nat.
Variable task_period: sporadic_task -> nat.
Variable task_deadline: sporadic_task -> nat.
Context {Job: eqType}.
Variable job_cost: Job -> nat.
Variable job_task: Job -> sporadic_task.
Variable job_deadline: Job -> nat.
Variable arr_seq: arrival_sequence Job.
(* Assume that all jobs have valid parameters *)
Hypothesis H_jobs_have_valid_parameters :
forall (j: JobIn arr_seq),
valid_sporadic_job task_cost task_deadline job_cost job_deadline job_task j.
(* Consider any schedule. *)
Context {num_cpus: nat}.
Variable sched: schedule num_cpus arr_seq.
(* Assumption: jobs only execute if they arrived.
This is used to eliminate jobs that arrive after end of the interval t1 + delta. *)
Hypothesis H_jobs_must_arrive_to_execute:
jobs_must_arrive_to_execute sched.
(* Assumption: jobs do not execute after they completed.
This is used to eliminate jobs that complete before the start of the interval t1. *)
Hypothesis H_completed_jobs_dont_execute:
completed_jobs_dont_execute job_cost sched.
(* Assumptiom: Jobs do not execute in parallel.
This is required to use interval lengths as a measure of service. *)
Hypothesis H_no_parallelism:
jobs_dont_execute_in_parallel sched.
(* Assumption: sporadic task model.
This is necessary to conclude that consecutive jobs ordered by arrival times
are separated by at least 'period' times units. *)
Hypothesis H_sporadic_tasks: sporadic_task_model task_period arr_seq job_task.
(* Before starting the proof, let's give simpler names to the definitions. *)
Let job_has_completed_by := completed job_cost sched.
Let workload_of (tsk: sporadic_task) (t1 t2: time) :=
workload job_task sched tsk t1 t2.
(* Now we define the theorem. Let tsk be any task in the taskset. *)
Variable tsk: sporadic_task.
(* Assumption: the task must have valid parameters:
a) period > 0 (used in divisions)
b) deadline of the jobs = deadline of the task
c) cost <= period
(used to prove that the distance between the first and last
jobs is at least (cost + n*period), where n is the number
of middle jobs. If cost >> period, the claim does not hold
for every task set. *)
Hypothesis H_valid_task_parameters:
is_valid_sporadic_task task_cost task_period task_deadline tsk.
(* Assumption: the task must have a restricted deadline.
This is required to prove that n_k (max_jobs) from Bertogna
and Cirinei's formula accounts for at least the number of
middle jobs (i.e., number of jobs - 2 in the worst case). *)
Hypothesis H_restricted_deadline: task_deadline tsk <= task_period tsk.
(* Consider an interval [t1, t1 + delta). *)
Variable t1 delta: time.
(* Assume that a response-time bound R_tsk for that task in any
schedule of this processor platform is also given, ... *)
Variable R_tsk: time.
Hypothesis H_response_time_bound :
forall (j: JobIn arr_seq),
job_task j = tsk ->
job_arrival j + R_tsk < t1 + delta ->
job_has_completed_by j (job_arrival j + R_tsk).
(* ... such that R_tsk >= task_cost tsk and R_tsk <= task_deadline tsk. *)
Hypothesis H_response_time_ge_cost: R_tsk >= task_cost tsk.
Hypothesis H_no_deadline_miss: R_tsk <= task_deadline tsk.
Section MainProof.
(* In this section, we prove that the workload of a task in the
interval [t1, t1 + delta) is bounded by W. *)
(* Let's simplify the names a bit. *)
Let t2 := t1 + delta.
Let n_k := max_jobs task_cost task_period tsk R_tsk delta.
Let workload_bound := W task_cost task_period tsk R_tsk delta.
(* Since we only care about the workload of tsk, we restrict
our view to the set of jobs of tsk scheduled in [t1, t2). *)
Let scheduled_jobs :=
jobs_of_task_scheduled_between job_task sched tsk t1 t2.
(* Now, let's consider the list of interfering jobs sorted by arrival time. *)
Let earlier_arrival := fun (x y: JobIn arr_seq) => job_arrival x <= job_arrival y.
Let sorted_jobs := (sort earlier_arrival scheduled_jobs).
(* The first step consists in simplifying the sum corresponding
to the workload. *)
Section SimplifyJobSequence.
(* After switching to the definition of workload based on a list
of jobs, we show that sorting the list preserves the sum. *)
Lemma workload_bound_simpl_by_sorting_scheduled_jobs :
workload_joblist job_task sched tsk t1 t2 =
\sum_(i <- sorted_jobs) service_during sched i t1 t2.
Proof.
unfold workload_joblist; fold scheduled_jobs.
rewrite (eq_big_perm sorted_jobs) /= //.
by rewrite -(perm_sort earlier_arrival).
Qed.
(* Remember that both sequences have the same set of elements *)
Lemma workload_bound_job_in_same_sequence :
forall j,
(j \in scheduled_jobs) = (j \in sorted_jobs).
Proof.
by apply perm_eq_mem; rewrite -(perm_sort earlier_arrival).
Qed.
(* Remember that all jobs in the sorted sequence is an
interfering job of task tsk. *)
Lemma workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk :
forall j_i,
j_i \in sorted_jobs ->
job_task j_i = tsk /\
service_during sched j_i t1 t2 != 0 /\
j_i \in jobs_scheduled_between sched t1 t2.
Proof.
intros j_i LTi.
rewrite -workload_bound_job_in_same_sequence mem_filter in LTi; des.
repeat split; [by apply/eqP | | by done].
unfold jobs_scheduled_between in *; rewrite mem_undup in LTi0.
apply mem_bigcat_nat_exists in LTi0; des.
rewrite mem_scheduled_jobs_eq_scheduled in LTi0.
apply service_implies_cumulative_service with (t := i);
first by apply/andP; split.
by rewrite -not_scheduled_no_service negbK.
Qed.
(* Remember that consecutive jobs are ordered by arrival. *)
Lemma workload_bound_jobs_ordered_by_arrival :
forall i elem,
i < (size sorted_jobs).-1 ->
earlier_arrival (nth elem sorted_jobs i) (nth elem sorted_jobs i.+1).
Proof.
intros i elem LT.
assert (SORT: sorted earlier_arrival sorted_jobs).
by apply sort_sorted; unfold total, earlier_arrival; ins; apply leq_total.
by destruct sorted_jobs; simpl in *; [by rewrite ltn0 in LT | by apply/pathP].
Qed.
End SimplifyJobSequence.
(* Next, we show that if the number of jobs is no larger than n_k,
the workload bound trivially holds. *)
Section WorkloadNotManyJobs.
Lemma workload_bound_holds_for_at_most_n_k_jobs :
size sorted_jobs <= n_k ->
\sum_(i <- sorted_jobs) service_during sched i t1 t2 <=
workload_bound.
Proof.
intros LEnk.
rewrite -[\sum_(_ <- _ | _) _]add0n leq_add //.
apply leq_trans with (n := \sum_(x <- sorted_jobs) task_cost tsk);
last by rewrite big_const_seq iter_addn addn0 mulnC leq_mul2r; apply/orP; right.
{
rewrite [\sum_(_ <- _) service_during _ _ _ _]big_seq_cond.
rewrite [\sum_(_ <- _) task_cost _]big_seq_cond.
apply leq_sum; intros j_i; move/andP => [INi _].
apply workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk in INi; des.
eapply cumulative_service_le_task_cost;
[by apply H_completed_jobs_dont_execute | by apply INi |].
by apply H_jobs_have_valid_parameters.
}
Qed.
End WorkloadNotManyJobs.
(* Otherwise, assume that the number of jobs is larger than n_k >= 0.
First, consider the simple case with only one job. *)
Section WorkloadSingleJob.
(* Assume that there's at least one job in the sorted list. *)
Hypothesis H_at_least_one_job: size sorted_jobs > 0.
Variable elem: JobIn arr_seq.
Let j_fst := nth elem sorted_jobs 0.
(* The first job is an interfering job of task tsk. *)
Lemma workload_bound_j_fst_is_job_of_tsk :
job_task j_fst = tsk /\
service_during sched j_fst t1 t2 != 0 /\
j_fst \in jobs_scheduled_between sched t1 t2.
Proof.
by apply workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk, mem_nth.
Qed.
(* The workload bound holds for the single job. *)
Lemma workload_bound_holds_for_a_single_job :
\sum_(0 <= i < 1) service_during sched (nth elem sorted_jobs i) t1 t2 <=
workload_bound.
Proof.
unfold workload_bound, W; fold n_k.
have INfst := workload_bound_j_fst_is_job_of_tsk; des.
rewrite big_nat_recr // big_geq // [nth]lock /= -lock add0n.
destruct n_k; last first.
{
rewrite -[service_during _ _ _ _]add0n; rewrite leq_add //.
rewrite -[service_during _ _ _ _]add0n [_* task_cost tsk]mulSnr.
apply leq_add; first by done.
by eapply cumulative_service_le_task_cost;
[| by apply INfst
| by apply H_jobs_have_valid_parameters].
}
{
rewrite 2!mul0n addn0 subn0 leq_min; apply/andP; split.
{
by eapply cumulative_service_le_task_cost;
[| by apply INfst
| by apply H_jobs_have_valid_parameters].
}
{
rewrite -addnBA // -[service_during _ _ _ _]addn0.
apply leq_add; last by done.
by apply cumulative_service_le_delta.
}
}
Qed.
End WorkloadSingleJob.
(* Next, consider the last case where there are at least two jobs:
the first job j_fst, and the last job j_lst. *)
Section WorkloadTwoOrMoreJobs.
(* There are at least two jobs. *)
Variable num_mid_jobs: nat.
Hypothesis H_at_least_two_jobs : size sorted_jobs = num_mid_jobs.+2.
Variable elem: JobIn arr_seq.
Let j_fst := nth elem sorted_jobs 0.
Let j_lst := nth elem sorted_jobs num_mid_jobs.+1.
(* The last job is an interfering job of task tsk. *)
Lemma workload_bound_j_lst_is_job_of_tsk :
job_task j_lst = tsk /\
service_during sched j_lst t1 t2 != 0 /\
j_lst \in jobs_scheduled_between sched t1 t2.
Proof.
apply workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk, mem_nth.
by rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs.
Qed.
(* The response time of the first job must fall inside the interval. *)
Lemma workload_bound_response_time_of_first_job_inside_interval :
t1 <= job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk.
Proof.
rewrite leqNgt; apply /negP; unfold not; intro LTt1.
exploit workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk.
{
apply mem_nth; instantiate (1 := 0).
apply ltn_trans with (n := 1); [by done | by rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs].
}
instantiate (1 := elem); move => [FSTtsk [/eqP FSTserv FSTin]].
apply FSTserv.
apply (cumulative_service_after_job_rt_zero job_cost) with (R := R_tsk);
try (by done); last by apply ltnW.
apply H_response_time_bound; first by done.
by apply leq_trans with (n := t1); last by apply leq_addr.
Qed.
(* The arrival of the last job must also fall inside the interval. *)
Lemma workload_bound_last_job_arrives_before_end_of_interval :
job_arrival j_lst < t2.
Proof.
rewrite leqNgt; apply/negP; unfold not; intro LT2.
exploit workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk.
{
apply mem_nth; instantiate (1 := num_mid_jobs.+1).
by rewrite -(ltn_add2r 1) addn1 H_at_least_two_jobs addn1.
}
instantiate (1 := elem); move => [LSTtsk [/eqP LSTserv LSTin]].
by unfold service_during; apply LSTserv, cumulative_service_before_job_arrival_zero.
Qed.
(* Next, we upper-bound the service of the first and last jobs using their arrival times. *)
Lemma workload_bound_service_of_first_and_last_jobs :
service_during sched j_fst t1 t2 +
service_during sched j_lst t1 t2 <=
(job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk - t1) + (t2 - job_arrival j_lst).
Proof.
apply leq_add; unfold service_during.
{
rewrite -[_ + _ - _]mul1n -[1*_]addn0 -iter_addn -big_const_nat.
apply leq_trans with (n := \sum_(t1 <= t < job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk)
service_at sched j_fst t);
last by apply leq_sum; ins; apply service_at_most_one.
destruct (job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk < t2) eqn:LEt2; last first.
{
unfold t2; apply negbT in LEt2; rewrite -ltnNge in LEt2.
rewrite -> big_cat_nat with (n := t1 + delta) (p := job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk);
[by apply leq_addr | by apply leq_addr | by done].
}
{
rewrite -> big_cat_nat with (n := job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk);
[| by apply workload_bound_response_time_of_first_job_inside_interval
| by apply ltnW].
rewrite -{2}[\sum_(_ <= _ < _) _]addn0 /= leq_add2l leqn0; apply/eqP.
apply (cumulative_service_after_job_rt_zero job_cost) with (R := R_tsk);
try (by done); last by apply leqnn.
apply H_response_time_bound; last by done.
exploit workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk.
by apply mem_nth; instantiate (1 := 0); rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs.
by instantiate (1 := elem); move => [FSTtsk _].
}
}
{
rewrite -[_ - _]mul1n -[1 * _]addn0 -iter_addn -big_const_nat.
destruct (job_arrival j_lst <= t1) eqn:LT.
{
apply leq_trans with (n := \sum_(job_arrival j_lst <= t < t2)
service_at sched j_lst t);
first by rewrite -> big_cat_nat with (m := job_arrival j_lst) (n := t1);
[by apply leq_addl | by ins | by apply leq_addr].
by apply leq_sum; ins; apply service_at_most_one.
}
{
apply negbT in LT; rewrite -ltnNge in LT.
rewrite -> big_cat_nat with (n := job_arrival j_lst);
[| by apply ltnW
| by apply ltnW, workload_bound_last_job_arrives_before_end_of_interval].
rewrite /= -[\sum_(_ <= _ < _) 1]add0n; apply leq_add.
rewrite cumulative_service_before_job_arrival_zero;
[by apply leqnn | by ins | by apply leqnn].
by apply leq_sum; ins; apply service_at_most_one.
}
}
Qed.
(* Simplify the expression from the previous lemma. *)
Lemma workload_bound_simpl_expression_with_first_and_last :
job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk - t1 + (t2 - job_arrival j_lst) =
delta + R_tsk - (job_arrival j_lst - job_arrival j_fst).
Proof.
have lemma1 := workload_bound_last_job_arrives_before_end_of_interval.
have lemma2 := workload_bound_response_time_of_first_job_inside_interval.
rewrite addnBA; last by apply ltnW.
rewrite subh1 // -addnBA; last by apply leq_addr.
rewrite addnC [job_arrival _ + _]addnC.
unfold t2; rewrite [t1 + _]addnC -[delta + t1 - _]subnBA // subnn subn0.
rewrite addnA -subnBA; first by ins.
unfold j_fst, j_lst. rewrite -[_.+1]add0n.
apply prev_le_next; last by rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs add0n leqnn.
by ins; apply workload_bound_jobs_ordered_by_arrival.
Qed.
(* Bound the service of the middle jobs. *)
Lemma workload_bound_service_of_middle_jobs :
\sum_(0 <= i < num_mid_jobs)
service_during sched (nth elem sorted_jobs i.+1) t1 t2 <=
num_mid_jobs * task_cost tsk.
Proof.
apply leq_trans with (n := num_mid_jobs * task_cost tsk);
last by rewrite leq_mul2l; apply/orP; right.
apply leq_trans with (n := \sum_(0 <= i < num_mid_jobs) task_cost tsk);
last by rewrite big_const_nat iter_addn addn0 mulnC subn0.
rewrite big_nat_cond [\sum_(0 <= i < num_mid_jobs) task_cost _]big_nat_cond.
apply leq_sum; intros i; rewrite andbT; move => /andP LT; des.
eapply cumulative_service_le_task_cost;
[by apply H_completed_jobs_dont_execute | | by apply H_jobs_have_valid_parameters].
exploit workload_bound_all_jobs_from_tsk.
{
instantiate (1 := nth elem sorted_jobs i.+1).
apply mem_nth; rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs.
by rewrite ltnS; apply leq_trans with (n := num_mid_jobs).
}
by ins; des.
Qed.
(* Conclude that the distance between first and last is at least num_mid_jobs + 1 periods. *)
Lemma workload_bound_many_periods_in_between :
job_arrival j_lst - job_arrival j_fst >= num_mid_jobs.+1 * (task_period tsk).
Proof.
assert (EQnk: num_mid_jobs.+1=(size sorted_jobs).-1).
by rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs.
unfold j_fst, j_lst; rewrite EQnk telescoping_sum;
last by ins; apply workload_bound_jobs_ordered_by_arrival.
rewrite -[_ * _ tsk]addn0 mulnC -iter_addn -{1}[_.-1]subn0 -big_const_nat.
rewrite big_nat_cond [\sum_(0 <= i < _)(_-_)]big_nat_cond.
apply leq_sum; intros i; rewrite andbT; move => /andP LT; des.
(* To simplify, call the jobs 'cur' and 'next' *)
set cur := nth elem sorted_jobs i.
set next := nth elem sorted_jobs i.+1.
(* Show that cur arrives earlier than next *)
assert (ARRle: job_arrival cur <= job_arrival next).
by unfold cur, next; apply workload_bound_jobs_ordered_by_arrival.
(* Show that both cur and next are in the arrival sequence *)
assert (INnth: cur \in scheduled_jobs /\ next \in scheduled_jobs).
{
rewrite 2!workload_bound_job_in_same_sequence; split.
by apply mem_nth, (ltn_trans LT0); destruct sorted_jobs; ins.
by apply mem_nth; destruct sorted_jobs; ins.
}
rewrite 2?mem_filter in INnth; des.
(* Use the sporadic task model to conclude that cur and next are separated
by at least (task_period tsk) units. Of course this only holds if cur != next.
Since we don't know much about the list (except that it's sorted), we must
also prove that it doesn't contain duplicates. *)
assert (CUR_LE_NEXT: job_arrival cur + task_period (job_task cur) <= job_arrival next).
{
apply H_sporadic_tasks; last by ins.
unfold cur, next, not; intro EQ; move: EQ => /eqP EQ.
rewrite nth_uniq in EQ; first by move: EQ => /eqP EQ; intuition.
by apply ltn_trans with (n := (size sorted_jobs).-1); destruct sorted_jobs; ins.
by destruct sorted_jobs; ins.
by rewrite sort_uniq -/scheduled_jobs filter_uniq // undup_uniq.
by move: INnth INnth0 => /eqP INnth /eqP INnth0; rewrite INnth INnth0.
}
by rewrite subh3 // addnC; move: INnth => /eqP INnth; rewrite -INnth.
Qed.
(* Prove that n_k is at least the number of the middle jobs *)
Lemma workload_bound_n_k_covers_middle_jobs :
n_k >= num_mid_jobs.
Proof.
rename H_valid_task_parameters into PARAMS.
unfold is_valid_sporadic_task in *; des.
rewrite leqNgt; apply/negP; unfold not; intro LTnk.
assert (DISTmax: job_arrival j_lst - job_arrival j_fst >= delta + task_period tsk).
{
apply leq_trans with (n := n_k.+2 * task_period tsk).
{
rewrite -addn1 mulnDl mul1n leq_add2r.
apply leq_trans with (n := delta + R_tsk - task_cost tsk);
first by rewrite -addnBA //; apply leq_addr.
by apply ltnW, ltn_ceil, PARAMS0.
}
apply leq_trans with (num_mid_jobs.+1 * task_period tsk);
first by rewrite leq_mul2r; apply/orP; right.
by apply workload_bound_many_periods_in_between.
}
rewrite <- leq_add2r with (p := job_arrival j_fst) in DISTmax.
rewrite addnC subh1 in DISTmax; last first.
{
unfold j_fst, j_lst; rewrite -[_.+1]add0n.
apply prev_le_next; last by rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs add0n leqnn.
by ins; apply workload_bound_jobs_ordered_by_arrival.
}
rewrite -subnBA // subnn subn0 in DISTmax.
rewrite [delta + task_period tsk]addnC addnA in DISTmax.
have BEFOREt2 := workload_bound_last_job_arrives_before_end_of_interval.
generalize BEFOREt2; move: BEFOREt2; rewrite {1}ltnNge; move => /negP BEFOREt2'.
intros BEFOREt2; apply BEFOREt2'; clear BEFOREt2'.
apply leq_trans with (n := job_arrival j_fst + task_deadline tsk + delta);
last by apply leq_trans with (n := job_arrival j_fst + task_period tsk + delta);
[rewrite leq_add2r leq_add2l; apply H_restricted_deadline | apply DISTmax].
unfold t2; rewrite leq_add2r.
apply leq_trans with (n := job_arrival j_fst + R_tsk);
last by rewrite leq_add2l.
by apply workload_bound_response_time_of_first_job_inside_interval.
Qed.
(* If n_k = num_mid_jobs, then the workload bound holds. *)
Lemma workload_bound_n_k_equals_num_mid_jobs :
num_mid_jobs = n_k ->
service_during sched j_lst t1 t2 +
service_during sched j_fst t1 t2 +
\sum_(0 <= i < num_mid_jobs)
service_during sched (nth elem sorted_jobs i.+1) t1 t2
<= workload_bound.
Proof.
rename H_valid_task_parameters into PARAMS.
unfold is_valid_sporadic_task in *; des.
unfold workload_bound, W; fold n_k.
move => NK; rewrite -NK.
apply leq_add;
last by apply workload_bound_service_of_middle_jobs.
apply leq_trans with (delta + R_tsk - (job_arrival j_lst - job_arrival j_fst)).
{
rewrite addnC -workload_bound_simpl_expression_with_first_and_last.
by apply workload_bound_service_of_first_and_last_jobs.
}
rewrite leq_min; apply/andP; split.
{
rewrite leq_subLR [_ + task_cost _]addnC -leq_subLR.
apply leq_trans with (num_mid_jobs.+1 * task_period tsk);
last by apply workload_bound_many_periods_in_between.
rewrite NK ltnW // -ltn_divLR;
last by apply PARAMS0.
by unfold n_k, max_jobs, div_floor.
}
{
rewrite -subnDA; apply leq_sub2l.
apply leq_trans with (n := num_mid_jobs.+1 * task_period tsk);
last by apply workload_bound_many_periods_in_between.
rewrite -addn1 addnC mulnDl mul1n.
by rewrite leq_add2l; last by apply PARAMS3.
}
Qed.
(* If n_k = num_mid_jobs + 1, then the workload bound holds. *)
Lemma workload_bound_n_k_equals_num_mid_jobs_plus_1 :
num_mid_jobs.+1 = n_k ->
service_during sched j_lst t1 t2 +
service_during sched j_fst t1 t2 +
\sum_(0 <= i < num_mid_jobs)
service_during sched (nth elem sorted_jobs i.+1) t1 t2
<= workload_bound.
Proof.
unfold workload_bound, W; fold n_k.
move => NK; rewrite -NK.
rewrite -{2}addn1 mulnDl mul1n [_* _ + _]addnC addnA addn_minl.
apply leq_add; last by apply workload_bound_service_of_middle_jobs.
rewrite leq_min; apply/andP; split.
{
assert (SIZE: 0 < size sorted_jobs).
by rewrite H_at_least_two_jobs.
have INfst := workload_bound_j_fst_is_job_of_tsk SIZE elem;
have INlst := workload_bound_j_lst_is_job_of_tsk; des.
by apply leq_add; apply cumulative_service_le_task_cost with (task_deadline0 := task_deadline)
(job_cost0 := job_cost) (job_deadline0 := job_deadline) (job_task0 := job_task).
}
{
rewrite subnAC subnK; last first.
{
assert (TMP: delta + R_tsk = task_cost tsk + (delta + R_tsk - task_cost tsk));
first by rewrite subnKC; [by ins | by rewrite -[task_cost _]add0n; apply leq_add].
rewrite TMP; clear TMP.
rewrite -{1}[task_cost _]addn0 -addnBA NK; [by apply leq_add | by apply leq_trunc_div].
}
apply leq_trans with (delta + R_tsk - (job_arrival j_lst - job_arrival j_fst)).
{
rewrite addnC -workload_bound_simpl_expression_with_first_and_last.
by apply workload_bound_service_of_first_and_last_jobs.
}
{
by apply leq_sub2l, workload_bound_many_periods_in_between.
}
}
Qed.
End WorkloadTwoOrMoreJobs.
(* Using the lemmas above, we prove the main theorem about the workload bound. *)
Theorem workload_bounded_by_W :
workload_of tsk t1 (t1 + delta) <= workload_bound.
Proof.
unfold workload_of, workload_bound, W in *; ins; des.
fold n_k.
(* Use the definition of workload based on list of jobs. *)
rewrite workload_eq_workload_joblist.
(* Now we order the list by job arrival time. *)
rewrite workload_bound_simpl_by_sorting_scheduled_jobs.
(* Next, we show that the workload bound holds if n_k
is no larger than the number of interferings jobs. *)
destruct (size sorted_jobs <= n_k) eqn:NUM;
first by apply workload_bound_holds_for_at_most_n_k_jobs.
apply negbT in NUM; rewrite -ltnNge in NUM.
(* Find some dummy element to use in the nth function *)
assert (EX: exists elem: JobIn arr_seq, True).
destruct sorted_jobs; [ by rewrite ltn0 in NUM | by exists j].
destruct EX as [elem _].
(* Now we index the sum to access the first and last elements. *)
rewrite (big_nth elem).
(* First, we show that the bound holds for an empty list of jobs. *)
destruct (size sorted_jobs) as [| n] eqn:SIZE;
first by rewrite big_geq.
(* Then, we show the same for a singleton set of jobs. *)
destruct n as [| num_mid_jobs];
first by apply workload_bound_holds_for_a_single_job; rewrite SIZE.
(* Knowing that we have at least two elements, we take first and last out of the sum *)
rewrite [nth]lock big_nat_recl // big_nat_recr // /= -lock.
rewrite addnA addnC addnA.
(* There are two cases to be analyze since n <= n_k < n + 2,
where n is the number of middle jobs. *)
have NK := workload_bound_n_k_covers_middle_jobs num_mid_jobs SIZE elem.
move: NK; rewrite leq_eqVlt orbC leq_eqVlt; move => /orP [NK | /eqP NK].
move: NK => /orP [/eqP NK | NK]; last by rewrite ltnS leqNgt NK in NUM.
{
(* Case 1: n_k = n + 1, where n is the number of middle jobs. *)
by apply (workload_bound_n_k_equals_num_mid_jobs_plus_1 num_mid_jobs).
}
{
(* Case 2: n_k = n, where n is the number of middle jobs. *)
by apply (workload_bound_n_k_equals_num_mid_jobs num_mid_jobs).
}
Qed.
End MainProof.
End ProofWorkloadBound.
End WorkloadBound.